60 몇 년 전 오늘, 6-한 살짜리 Ruby Bridges는 학교에 걸어 가서 1 학년도 선구자가 될 수있는 방법을 보여주었습니다.

60 년 전, Ruby Bridges는 백인 마피아가 그녀에게 모욕을 던지면서 4 명의 연방 보안관의 호위를 받아 학교로 걸어갔습니다..

교량, 다만 6 11 월에 세 14, 1960, was set to begin first grade at William Frantz Elementary School in New Orleans. As the first Black student to attend the school, Bridges carried integration on her small shoulders.
Her first day at William Frantz came four years after Black parents in New Orleans filed a lawsuit against the Orleans Parish School Board for not desegregating the school system in the wake of the Brown v. Board of Education decision, which determined in 1954 that state laws establishing segregation in public schools were unconstitutional.
The year Bridges walked into the school, 판사. J. Skelly Wright had ordered the desegregation of New Orleans public schools. The Orleans Parish School Board, 하나, had convinced the judge to require Black students to apply for transfer to all-White schools, thus limiting desegregation, 따라 to the Equal Justice Initiative.
    US deputy marshals escort 6-year-old Ruby Bridges from William Frantz Elementary School in New Orleans.

    That year, only five of the 137 Black first graders who applied to transfer were accepted, and only four agreed to attend, according to EJI. Bridges was among them.
    “나를 위해, 존재 6 살이에요, I really wasn’t aware of what was going on,” 교량, 지금 66, told NPR in 2010. “I mean the only thing that I was ever told by my parents that I was going to attend a new school and that I should behave.
    Once Bridges entered the school and arrived at her classroom, all the other students had withdrawn. The rest of the school year, it was just her and the teacher, 그녀가 말했다. And crowds continued to show up, at one point bringing a small baby’s coffin with a Black doll inside.
    I used to have nightmares about the box,” Bridges said. “Those are the days that I distinctly remember being really, really frightened.
    But Bridges stayed at the school despite retaliation against her family. Grocery stores refused to sell to her mother, Lucille. And her father, Abon, lost his job, 따라 to the National Park Service. The toll was so hard on their marriage that by the time Bridges graduated from sixth grade, they had separated, she told NPR.
    결국, 그러나, Bridges made it to second grade. And when she did, the school’s incoming first grade class had eight Black students, the EJI said.
    Ruby Bridges speaks onstage at Glamour'에스 2017 Women of The Year Awards at Kings Theatre in November 2017 뉴욕에서.

    CNN reached out to Bridges for comment but did not receive a response.
    Bridges continues to be an inspiration for many. 에 2011, she was invited to the Oval Office, where the painting commemorating her walk by Norman Rockwellcriticized when it first appeared on a magazine cover in 1964was on display.
      I think it’s fair to say that if it wasn’t for you guys, I wouldn’t be here today,” then President Barack Obama told Bridges during her visit, 따라 to the White House archives.
      Lucille, who Ruby says pushed her to attend the school, 사망 한 this week at age 86. In an Instagram post, Ruby called her mother achampion for change,” adding that her actions altered the course of many lives.

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