一月. 20: Chief Justice John Roberts administers the oath of office to President Donald Trump, who swears to “preserve, protect and defend the Constitution of the United States.”
一月. 27: Trump signs an executive order for a new travel ban
, a key provision of which bars foreigners from seven countries
, most of them majority-Muslim
一月. 31: Trump nominates Neil Gorsuch
, a judge on a Denver-based US appeals court
, for the Supreme Court vacancy that has been open since Justice Antonin Scalia died in February
二月. 3: US District Court James Robart temporarily blocks the Muslim travel ban
. 第二天, Trump calls Robart a “so-called judge” and says
, “if something happens blame him and the court system.
” (Litigation over the travel ban continues
, and the administration twice amends the order before the case reaches the Supreme Court.
游行 16: Appeals court Judge Jay Bybee
, an appointee of President George W
. 衬套, implicitly calls out Trump’s tirade against Robart and other judges
: “The personal attacks on the distinguished district judge
) and our colleagues were out of all bounds of civic and persuasive discourse
— particularly when they came from the parties
. … Such personal attacks treat the court as though it were merely a political forum in which bargaining
, 妥协, and even intimidation are accepted principles.
四月 7: The Senate confirms Gorsuch by a
54-45 vote after Senate Republicans abolished the 60-vote threshold that had been needed to cut off a Democratic filibuster
April-June: Supreme Court sides with the Trump administration’s position in a series of
5-4 decisions favoring employers over workers
, including to stop states from requiring
” union fees from non-members to pay for collective bargaining on pay and benefits
; by the same
5-4 投票, the justices uphold an Ohio voter purge law
六月 26: The most prominent case of the session
, Trump v
. 夏威夷, also breaks along those
5-4 线, as the five-justice conservative majority upholds the third iteration of the Trump travel ban
. Roberts says Trump’s order
“is an act that is well within executive authority and could have been taken by any other President.
” He brushes aside dissenting justices
’ reminders of Trump’s anti-Muslim rhetoric and says the court must consider “the authority of the Presidency itself.”
六月 27: Justice Anthony Kennedy
, 一个 1988 appointee of President Ronald Reagan
, announces his retirement
七月 9: Trump nominates appeals court Judge Brett Kavanaugh to succeed Kennedy.
的 Senate confirms Kavanaugh
在一个 50-48 vote following weeks of partisan divisions
, including over claims by a California psychology professor
, 克里斯汀·布莱西·福特, that he sexually assaulted her when they were both teenagers
十月. 8: Trump holds a ceremonial investiture for Kavanaugh in the White House’s East Room
, at which he apologizes to Kavanaugh on behalf of the nation
, 说, “您, sir
, under historic scrutiny
, were proven innocent.
” That misstates the situation
. Kavanaugh denied all allegations but no trial or hearing on the charges was held and the claims were neither conclusively validated nor rejected
十一月. 21: After Trump disparages a judge who ruled against the administration in an asylum dispute as an
,” Chief Justice Roberts issues a rare and striking response that begins
, “We do not have Obama judges or Trump judges
, Bush judges or Clinton judges.
一月: Justice Ruth Bader Ginsburg misses a two-week sitting of oral arguments after she is treated for lung cancer
; two cancerous nodules were removed from her lung in late December
一月. 22: The Supreme Court lets the Trump administration ban most transgender people from serving in the military 由一个 5-4 投票 along conservative-liberal lines
. Trump had announced the ban via Twitter in July
二月. 19: Ginsburg returns to the bench to participate in the most important cases of the annual session, over partisan gerrymandering and the 2020 census questionnaire.
六月 27: Chief Justice Roberts sides with the court’s four liberals to effectively end the Trump administration’s attempt to add a citizenship question to the census
. 同时, Roberts casts the fifth vote with conservatives and writes the opinion declaring that federal judges may not resolve challenges to partisan gerrymanders
七月 26: The Supreme Court lets the Trump administration redirect $ 2.5 billion in Pentagon funds to begin building a wall at the southern border
, 由一个 5-4 vote controlled by the conservative majority
十二月. 13: The Supreme Court agrees to take up long-running disputes over subpoenas for Trump tax records and other financial documents on the same day that a Democratic-led US House committee votes articles of impeachment against Trump. The full House impeaches Trump later in December.
十二月. 31: As part of his year-end report
, Chief Justice Roberts writes
, “We should celebrate our strong and independent judiciary
, a key source of national unity and stability
. But we should also remember that justice is not inevitable.
一月. 21 to Feb. 5: Chief Justice Roberts presides over the US Senate trial of Trump. The Republican-led Senate easily acquits Trump on charges of abuse of power and obstruction of Congress.
二月: A Supreme Court dispute over a new rule for green-card applications prompts Trump’s ire
, although the administration prevailed
. After the five-just conservative bloc let the Trump administration enforce a new
“公共收费” rule immigrants who might need food stamps or other public benefits
, Justice Sonia Sotomayor dissents
, pointing up the majority’s pattern of siding with the administration
. 王牌 lashes out on Twitter against Sotomayor and Ginsburg
六月 18: Chief Justice Roberts breaks with his conservative brethren and joins the four liberals to reject Trump’s effort to roll back the Obama-era DACA program for undocumented immigrants who came to the US as minors
. Trump tweets
: “Do you get the impression that the Supreme Court doesn’t like me
七月 9: By a pair of
7-2 票数, the Supreme Court rejects Trump’s arguments to keep his finances secret in the face of subpoenas from US House committees and the Manhattan district attorney
. But the compromise court decisions give Trump additional ways to fight the subpoenas
. Trump leaves office having relinquished none of the disputed financial documents
九月. 18: Justice Ginsburg dies
, after months of struggles with cancer and other health problems
九月. 26: Trump nominates Amy Coney Barrett on September
26 in a Rose Garden ceremony that turns out to be a 新冠病毒 “super-spreader” 事件
十月. 26: The Senate confirms Barrett on a 52-48 投票
, along strictly partisan lines
十月. 26: The five-justice conservative majority declines to extend a deadline for mail-in ballots in Wisconsin
. The decision reinforces a pattern of rejecting changes in absentee ballot deadlines and other election practices because of Covid-19
十二月. 11: The nine justices unanimously reject a case brought by Texas and other Republican states challenging the Nov
. 3 election results that showed Joe Biden beating Trump
. The Texas attorney general had sued Pennsylvania and three other battleground states that Biden won
. Trump backed the litigation with his own filing to the justices and called the case
“the big one.