Un BMI elevato può qualificarti per un vaccino, but may not mean you're unhealthy. Here's how to check

Con l'obesità un fattore di ammissibilità al vaccino Covid-19, molti americani stanno cercando di scoprire il loro indice di massa corporea, o BMI. Ma gli esperti dicono il significato dietro quei numeri — e come abbassarli — isn’t always so clear-cut.

The US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention lists obesity as an underlying medical condition, and defines it as someone who has a body mass index of 30 or higher but less than 40. Having a high BMI, tuttavia, doesn’t necessarily mean you’re unhealthy.
Assessing your BMI is a quick and dirty way of indirectly measuring the amount of fat your body has. The CDC has created a calculator for both children e adults to find their number.
    For adults, a BMI of 18.5 per 24.9 is in the normal range, 25 per 29.9 is overweight, e 30 and higher is obese. A BMI of 40 or higher is sometimes categorized as “estremo” o “severeobesity, the CDC notes.
      Having a BMI of over 30 can lead to severe health problems such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease, ha detto il dott. Rosen Clifford, director of the Center for Clinical and Translational Research at the Maine Medical Center Research Center.
        Obesity also increases the risk of having a more severe reaction to Covid-19, Egli ha detto.
        There are some rare cases when a healthy person reports an unhealthy BMI number, according to Clifford. Weight trainers and people with athletic builds have a lot of muscle on them, which could create a high BMI number, ha detto il dott. Caroline Apovian, director of nutrition and weight management at Boston Medical Center and professor of medicine and pediatrics at Boston University School of Medicine.
          A lot of football players have a BMI of 30, 35 or even 40, but they’re all muscle so they’re extremely healthy,” Apovian said.
          If you’re unsure of whether your high BMI number is due to fat or muscle, Apovian recommended seeing a weight loss specialist to have more specific tests done.

          How to lower your BMI number

          It is possible to lower your BMI through diet and exercise, Clifford said.
          The first step is to understand it’s not your fault, ha notato, and take responsibility for your body.
          Tell yourself, “I don’t know what caused this, but I’m going to do something about it,” Egli ha detto.
          Altering your diet is an important step in the weight-loss process, Clifford stressed. Individuals should limit the amount of processed food they consume and replace it with whole grains, fruits and vegetables.
          Mindful eating is another way to lose weight, ha detto il dott. Robert Kushner, professor of medicine at Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine in Chicago. This is where people slow down when they eat and enjoy the food in front of them.
          It’s slowing down, putting your fork downplanning what you’re eating in advance and being cognizant of portion sizes,” Kushner said.
          People should not go below 1,200 per 1,500 calories per day without the permission of a weight-loss specialist.
          If you’re overeating, Apovion recommended creating a moderate calorie deficit to lower your BMI. People should start to lose about 1 per 2 pounds per week, which shows your efforts are paying off.
          The next step to lowering you BMI is to exercise.
          In giro 150 minutes of exercise per week, which breaks down to roughly 20 minutes of exercise per day, is a great way to lower your body weight, Clifford said.
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          Apovian also recommended weight training at least twice a week because it can build muscle, which then helps burn fat.
            Take walks to get out of the house, do virtual workouts and go to the gym once it’s safe to do so, Clifford suggested.
            For more extreme cases or general help, he stressed that it’s important to see a weight-loss specialist.

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