Tarantulas in Southeast Asia usually live on the ground or in trees. Tree-dwelling tarantulas usually spend time on different types of trees, and this is the first tarantula to live exclusively on a specific plant. The newly recognized spider is the only tree-dwelling tarantula to live in Thailand, 研究说.
Chomphuphuang said making its home in bamboo had many advantages for the spider. Bamboo contains moisture that helps the spider maintain its temperature — especially important for tarantulas, which molt and shed their exoskeleton. The slippery surface of the bamboo also deters predators.
“We examined all of the trees in the area where the species was discovered
. This species is unique because it is associated with bamboo
, and we have never observed this tarantula species in any other plant
,” 他说 in a news release
Taksinus bambus has adapted to life in the hollow stems of bamboo by constructing tube-shaped borrows with its silk as nest entrances. It also constructs silken tubes inside the bamboo into which it can retreat.
The tarantulas do not bore holes into the bamboo stems themselves. 代替, they depend on the assistance of other animals.
Bamboo is attacked by numerous animals, including beetles and worms, 研究说. Or sometimes the bamboo cracks open as a result of changes in humidity.
Chomphuphuang said that few people realized how much wildlife in Thailand is still undocumented.
“We’re primarily on a mission to study and save the biodiversity and wildlife found in these forests, particularly species-specific microhabitats, from extinction,” 他说.
“The first step is to inform people about this species and their locality. Then this forest area must be managed and protected for wildlife.”
The research was published last week in the journal Zookeys.