India has long struggled with its smog problem, which ranges from choked urban centers with high amounts of vehicular pollution and industrial waste, to more rural agricultural areas that suffer from pollution caused by crop burning — a practice of intentionally burning cultivated fields to prepare land for its next crop.
Several factors are behind the persistent pollution, said the report, including mass industrialization, and skyrocketing energy demand and fossil fuel usage.
に 2019, 21 世界の 30 cities with the worst air pollution were in India, according to IQAir AirVisual’s annual global ranking.
The worst polluted city that year, Ghaziabad, recorded nine times the level of particulate pollution that the US Environmental Protection Agency regards as healthy.
Pollution is a regional problem that extends beyond India — across South Asia, パキスタン, インド, Nepal, and Bangladesh are consistently ranked among the top 5 most polluted countries worldwide. そこ, あまりにも, residents are also vulnerable to reduced life expectancies.