Fatti veloci di Alexey Navalny

Here is some background information about russo opposition leader, Critico e attivista del Cremlino Alexey Navalny.

Personale

Data di nascita: giugno 4, 1976
    Luogo di nascita: Butyn, Soviet Union
      Nome di nascita: Alexey Anatolyevich Navalny (sometimes spelled Alexei, Aleksei)
        Padre: Anatoly Navalny, former military officer and basket-weaving factory owner
        Madre: Lyudmila Navalnaya, basket-weaving factory owner
          Matrimonio: Yulia (Alexandrovich) Navalnaya (2000-presente)
          Bambini: Daria and Zakhar
          Formazione scolastica: PeoplesFriendship University of Russia, commercial law, 1998; attended State Finance Academy, 1999-2001

          Altri fatti

          Has been a prominent organizer of street protests and has exposed corruption in Russian government and business via social media, including his LiveJournal blog and RosPil website.
          Says that he stands by previous anti-immigration comments considered xenophobic, including deporting Georgians from Russia. Has apologized for the use of derogatory terms.
          Is barred from running for political office because of a 2013 conviction. Russian law forbids convicted criminals running for political office.
          Alexey Navalny: Russia's outspoken Putin critic

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          Life before the assassination attempt

          2000 – Joins Yabloko, the Russian United Democratic Party.
          2006 – Participates in the Russian March, a nationalist event.
          2007 – Is expelled from Yabloko because of his nationalistic leanings.
          2007 – Launches the National Russian Liberation Movement, (known as NAROD, the Russian word for “persone”).
          2009 – Policy adviser to the governor of the Kirov region.
          novembre 2010 – Blows the whistle on a $ 4 billion embezzlement scheme at the state-run oil pipeline operator, Transneft, by posting leaked documents on his blog.
          dicembre 2010 – Kirov-area open an investigation against him involving a state-owned lumber deal when he was an adviser to the governor.
          dicembre 5, 2011 – Takes part in protests following Vladimir Putin‘s December 4 election win. Is arrested but is released after 15 giorni.
          2011 – Founds the Anti-Corruption Foundation (FBK). The organization investigates corruption in the Russian government and posts supporting documentation.
          dicembre 24, 2011 – Speaks before tens of thousands of pro-reform demonstrators prior to the March 2012 Elezioni presidenziali.
          marzo 6, 2012 – Is arrested along with other protesters after Putin wins a third term as president on March 4, with just under 65% del voto. Critics question the results amid complaints of voter fraud.
          marzo 20, 2013 – Is indicted, along with entrepreneur Petr Ofitserov, for misappropriating $ 500,000 in a state-owned lumber deal when he was an adviser to the Kirov region’s governor.
          luglio 18, 2013 – A court in the city of Kirov finds Navalny and Ofitserov guilty of embezzlement. They are sentenced to five and four years in prison respectively. Detained overnight, they are released July 19 pending an appeal. The verdict is followed by public protests.
          2013 – Runs unsuccessfully for mayor of Moscow. Comes in second with 27% del voto.
          ottobre 16, 2013 – The five-year prison sentence received July 2013 is reduced to a suspended sentence on appeal.
          ottobre 2013 – In a statement from the Russian federal Investigative Committee, Navalny and his brother Oleg Navalny are accused of defrauding the French cosmetics company Yves Rocher’s Russian subsidiary.
          febbraio 28, 2014-gennaio 2015 – Under house arrest.
          dicembre 30, 2014 – Is found guilty of fraud in the November 2013 Astuccio. Receives a suspended sentence of three and a half years. His brother receives a sentence of three and a half years in prison.
          febbraio 23, 2016 – The European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) rules that Navalny and Ofitserov were deprived of the right to a fair trial in their 2013 conviction. They are awarded 8,000 Euros for damages, plus additional awards for costs and expenses.
          aprile 27, 2017 – Navalny is splashed in the face with an antiseptic green dye. The attack causes vision damage in one eye.
          gennaio 22, 2018 – A Moscow court orders the closure of FBK, which funds Navalny’s activities.
          luglio 29, 2019 – Suffers anacute allergic reactionwhile serving a 30-day sentence in police custody. His July 24 arrest follows a call for demonstrations after the disqualification of opposition candidates for Russian municipal elections. Doctors do not find any signs of poisoning after doing an analysis, Russian News Agency TASS reports.

          Poisoning and time in Germany

          agosto 20, 2020 – Feels sick during a return flight to Moscow from the Siberian city of TomskIn and falls into a coma from suspected poisoning, according to spokeswoman Kira Yarmysh.We assume that Alexey was poisoned with something mixed into [il suo] tea,” Yarmysh tweets. German NGO The Cinema for Peace Foundation says it is sending a medical plane to Russia in an attempt to evacuate him.
          agosto 21, 2020 – Russian doctors give Navalny’s team permission to move him. He is scheduled for a medical evacuation to travel to a German clinic, according to Yarmysh.
          agosto 22, 2020 – Arrives at the Charité Hospital in Berlin in Germany where anextensive medical diagnosisis made.
          settembre 2, 2020 – In una dichiarazione, the German government reports that Navalny was poisoned with a chemical nerve agent from the Novichok group. Novichok was used in a March 2018 attack on former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter, Yulia Skripal, in the English cathedral city of Salisbury.
          settembre 7, 2020 – According to a statement released by Charité Hospital, Navalny is out of a medically induced coma.
          settembre 23, 2020 – Is discharged from the hospital, according to a statement released by the Charité Hospital.
          dicembre 14, 2020 – Reporting from CNN and investigative group Bellingcat reveals that Russia’s Federal Security Service (FSB) formed an elite team specializing in nerve agents and trailed Navalny for years. Phone and travel records suggest the unit followed Navalny to at least 17 cities since 2017.
          dicembre 28, 2020 – The Russia Federal Penitentiary Service (FSIN) accuses Navalny of violating the terms of his probation by failing to show up for scheduled inspections while in Germany and requests that a court replace his suspended sentence with an actual prison term.
          dicembre 29, 2020 – Russia’s main investigative body launches a criminal case against Navalny on charges of fraud related to his alleged mishandling of $ 5 million in donations to FBK and other organizations.

          Return to Russia and trial

          gennaio 2021 – Russian prison authorities officially request to replace Navalny’s 2014 suspended sentence with a real jail term. The Russian Federal Penitentiary Service says that by staying in Germany, Navalny is violating the terms of his suspended sentence in the so-called Yves Rocher case, which Navalny believes is politically motivated.
          gennaio 17, 2021 – Navalny is detained moments after arriving in Moscow following months of treatment in Germany after being poisoned in August 2020. Il giorno successivo, he is ordered to remain in custody for 30 giorni during a surprise hearing.
          febbraio 2, 2021 – A Moscow court sentences Navalny to prison for more than two and a half years for violating probation terms a partire dal 2014 while he was in Germany. The sentence takes into account the 11 months Navalny spent under house arrest. His lawyer says he will appeal the verdict. The sentence prompts protests across the country.
          Anger pours onto Moscow streets after Navalny sentencing

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          febbraio 20, 2021 – Navalny’s appeal is partially rejected. The judge shortens his sentence by a month and a half, noting the time he spent under house arrest, from December 2014 to February 2015. In a separate hearing at Babushkinsky District Court, he is convicted of defaming World War II veteran Ignat Artemenko, 94, in social media comments made June 2020. Navalny criticized a video broadcast by state TV channel RT, in which prominent figures expressed support for controversial changes to the Russian constitution. The penalty for defamation, a fine, was changed to include potential jail time in December 2020.
            febbraio 24, 2021 – According to Reuters, Navalny is stripped of hisprisoner of consciencestatus by Amnesty International. The decision was made due to numerous complaints about Navalny’s past xenophobic comments received by the organization.
            The rough conditions inside prison camp where Navalny is being held

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