父亲: Anatoly Navalny, former military officer and basket-weaving factory owner
母亲: Lyudmila Navalnaya, basket-weaving factory owner
婚姻: Yulia (Alexandrovich) Navalnaya (2000-当下)
小孩儿: Daria and Zakhar
教育: Peoples’ Friendship University of Russia, commercial law, 1998; attended State Finance Academy, 1999-2001
Has been a prominent organizer of street protests and has exposed corruption in Russian government and business via social media, including his LiveJournal blog and RosPil website.
Says that he stands by previous anti-immigration comments considered xenophobic, including deporting Georgians from Russia. Has apologized for the use of derogatory terms.
Is barred from running for political office because of a 2013 定罪. Russian law forbids convicted criminals running for political office.
Life before the assassination attempt
2000 – Joins Yabloko, the Russian United Democratic Party.
2006 – Participates in the Russian March, a nationalist event.
2007 – Is expelled from Yabloko because of his nationalistic leanings.
2007 – Launches the National Russian Liberation Movement, (known as NAROD, the Russian word for “人”).
2009 – Policy adviser to the governor of the Kirov region.
十一月 2010 – Blows the whistle on a $ 4 billion embezzlement scheme at the state-run oil pipeline operator, Transneft, by posting leaked documents on his blog.
十二月 2010 – Kirov-area open an investigation against him involving a state-owned lumber deal when he was an adviser to the governor.
十二月 5, 2011 – Takes part in protests following Vladimir Putin‘s December
4 election win
. Is arrested but is released after
2011 – Founds the Anti-Corruption Foundation (FBK). The organization investigates corruption in the Russian government and posts supporting documentation
十二月 24, 2011 – Speaks before tens of thousands of pro-reform demonstrators prior to the March 2012 总统选举.
游行 6, 2012 – Is arrested along with other protesters after Putin wins a third term as president on March 4, with just under 65% 投票. Critics question the results amid complaints of voter fraud.
游行 20, 2013 – Is indicted, along with entrepreneur Petr Ofitserov, for misappropriating $ 500,000 in a state-owned lumber deal when he was an adviser to the Kirov region’s governor.
七月 18, 2013 – A court in the city of Kirov finds Navalny and Ofitserov guilty of embezzlement. They are sentenced to five and four years in prison respectively
. Detained overnight
, they are released July
19 pending an appeal
. The verdict is followed by public protests
2013 – Runs unsuccessfully for mayor of Moscow. Comes in second with 27% 投票.
十月 16, 2013 – The five-year prison sentence received July 2013 is reduced to a suspended sentence on appeal.
十月 2013 – In a statement from the Russian federal Investigative Committee, Navalny and his brother Oleg Navalny are accused of defrauding the French cosmetics company Yves Rocher’s Russian subsidiary.
二月 28, 2014-一月 2015 – Under house arrest.
十二月 30, 2014 – Is found guilty of fraud in the November 2013 案件. Receives a suspended sentence of three and a half years. His brother receives a sentence of three and a half years in prison.
四月 27, 2017 – Navalny is splashed in the face with an antiseptic green dye. The attack causes vision damage in one eye.
一月 22, 2018 – A Moscow court orders the closure of FBK, which funds Navalny’s activities
七月 29, 2019 – Suffers an “acute allergic reaction” while serving a 30-day sentence in police custody. His July
24 arrest follows a call for demonstrations after the disqualification of opposition candidates for Russian municipal elections
. Doctors do not find any signs of poisoning after doing an analysis
, Russian News Agency TASS reports
Poisoning and time in Germany
八月 20, 2020 – Feels sick during a return flight to Moscow from the Siberian city of TomskIn and falls into a coma from suspected poisoning, according to spokeswoman Kira Yarmysh.
“We assume that Alexey was poisoned with something mixed into
,” Yarmysh tweets
. German NGO The Cinema for Peace Foundation says it is sending a medical plane to Russia in an attempt to evacuate him
八月 21, 2020 – Russian doctors give Navalny’s team permission to move him. He is scheduled for a medical evacuation to travel to a German clinic
, according to Yarmysh
八月 22, 2020 – Arrives at the Charité Hospital in Berlin in Germany where an
“extensive medical diagnosis
” is made
九月 2, 2020 – 在声明中, the German government reports that Navalny was poisoned with a chemical nerve agent from the Novichok group. Novichok was used in a March
2018 attack on former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter
, Yulia Skripal
, in the English cathedral city of Salisbury
九月 7, 2020 – According to a statement released by Charité Hospital
, Navalny is out of a medically induced coma.
九月 23, 2020 – Is discharged from the hospital, according to a statement released by the Charité Hospital
十二月 14, 2020 – Reporting from CNN and investigative group Bellingcat reveals that Russia’s Federal Security Service (FSB) formed an elite team specializing in nerve agents and trailed Navalny for years. Phone and travel records suggest the unit followed Navalny to at least
17 cities since
十二月 28, 2020 – The Russia Federal Penitentiary Service (FSIN) accuses Navalny of violating the terms of his probation by failing to show up for scheduled inspections while in Germany and requests that a court replace his suspended sentence with an actual prison term
十二月 29, 2020 – Russia’s main investigative body launches a criminal case against Navalny on charges of fraud related to his alleged mishandling of
$ 5 million in donations to FBK and other organizations
Return to Russia and trial
一月 2021 – Russian prison authorities officially request to replace Navalny’s 2014 suspended sentence with a real jail term. The Russian Federal Penitentiary Service says that by staying in Germany
, Navalny is violating the terms of his suspended sentence in the so-called Yves Rocher case
, which Navalny believes is politically motivated
一月 17, 2021 – Navalny is detained moments after arriving in Moscow following months of treatment in Germany after being poisoned in August
2020. 第二天, he is ordered to remain in custody for 30 天 during a surprise hearing
二月 2, 2021 – A Moscow court sentences Navalny to prison for more than two and a half years for violating probation terms
从 2014 while he was in Germany
. The sentence takes into account the
11 months Navalny spent under house arrest
. His lawyer says he will appeal the verdict
. The sentence prompts protests across the country
二月 20, 2021 – Navalny’s appeal is partially rejected. The judge shortens his sentence by a month and a half
, noting the time he spent under house arrest
, from December
2014 to February
2015. In a separate hearing at Babushkinsky District Court
, he is convicted of defaming World War II veteran Ignat Artemenko
, 94, in social media comments made June
2020. Navalny criticized a video broadcast by state TV channel RT
, in which prominent figures expressed support for controversial changes to the Russian constitution
. The penalty for defamation
, a fine
, was changed to include potential jail time in December
二月 24, 2021 – According to Reuters, Navalny is stripped of his “prisoner of conscience” status by Amnesty International. The decision was made due to numerous complaints about Navalny’s past xenophobic comments received by the organization