Analysis of ancient DNA reveals details about the dire wolf, inspiration for 'Game of Thrones' creature

An extinct species of wolf, which served as inspiration for a mythical creature in the popular television show “ゲーム・オブ・スローンズ,” had little in common with the gray wolves that roam North America today, new research has found.

Known as Canis dirus, 意味 “fearsome dog,” it had been thought that dire wolves were simply a beefier version of the gray wolf. しかしながら, a new study published in the journal Nature has revealed just how different they really were.
The prehistoric carnivores roamed North America until they went extinct some 13,000 数年前. Dire wolf fossils are among the most common recovered at the La Brea Tar Pits ロサンゼルスで.
The going narrative has been that gray and dire wolves were very closely related, like sister or cousin lineages, or perhaps the same animal,” lead study author Angela Perri, an archaeologist at Durham University in the United Kingdom, メールでCNNに伝えた.
We were pretty comfortable with that assessment for 150 年, as that’s what the similarities in their skeletons suggested. Now the genetics have revealed that they are only very distantly related, having split from each other around 6 百万年前,” Perri added.

The real-life dire wolf

初めて, experts sequenced DNA from five dire wolf fossils, which were found in Wyoming, アイダホ, Ohio and Tennessee, それぞれ. They date back to over 50,000 数年前.
Analysis showed that unlike many doglike species that seemingly migrated between North America and Eurasia over time, dire wolves evolved solely in North America for millions of years.
The animalsstark divergence from gray wolves, researchers believe, places them in an entirely different genus.
This is surprising because we have thought they were closely related for so long. Their skeletons and teeth are very similarit is clearly a case of convergent evolution,” Perri said. “We also learned that they were so genetically distinct from each other that there is no evidence they could interbreed and produce offspring,” 彼女は付け加えた.
Dire wolves overlapped with coyotes and gray wolves in North America for some 10,000 years before their extinctionbut still, there is no evidence that they interbred with these species.
The dire wolves were ill equipped to adapt to the changing conditions at the end of the ice age due to their evolutionary differences, experts believe.
The animals were also very different from their glamorous TV counterparts. Unlike real dire wolves, the mythicaldirewolvesdepicted in “ゲーム・オブ・スローンズ” were shown to be the size of small horses and associated with the coldest environments in Westeros. ショーで, a litter of six direwolf pups were adopted by the Stark children, whose house sigil is that of a direwolf.
On average dire wolves are roughly 20% larger than the average gray wolf today. It also appears that they were adapted to living in low land warm environments, so we envision them being much more like warm climate canidsshorter fur, perhaps reddish, with large ears for thermoregulation,” Perri said.
Much different from the huge, furry gray animals depicted in frozen environments of Game of Thrones,” 彼女は付け加えた.

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