고대 DNA 분석은 무서운 늑대에 대한 세부 사항을 밝힙니다, inspiration for 'Game of Thrones' creature

멸종 된 늑대 종, 인기 TV 쇼에서 신화 속 생물에게 영감을주었습니다 “왕좌의 게임,” 오늘날 북미를 돌아 다니는 회색 늑대와 거의 공통점이 없었습니다., new research has found.

Known as Canis dirus, 의미 “fearsome dog,” it had been thought that dire wolves were simply a beefier version of the gray wolf. 하나, a new study published in the journal Nature has revealed just how different they really were.
The prehistoric carnivores roamed North America until they went extinct some 13,000 여러 해 전에. Dire wolf fossils are among the most common recovered at the La Brea Tar Pits 로스 앤젤레스.
The going narrative has been that gray and dire wolves were very closely related, like sister or cousin lineages, or perhaps the same animal,” lead study author Angela Perri, an archaeologist at Durham University in the United Kingdom, told CNN via email.
We were pretty comfortable with that assessment for 150 연령, as that’s what the similarities in their skeletons suggested. Now the genetics have revealed that they are only very distantly related, having split from each other around 6 백만년 전,” Perri added.

The real-life dire wolf

For the first time, experts sequenced DNA from five dire wolf fossils, which were found in Wyoming, 아이다 호, Ohio and Tennessee, 각기. They date back to over 50,000 여러 해 전에.
Analysis showed that unlike many doglike species that seemingly migrated between North America and Eurasia over time, dire wolves evolved solely in North America for millions of years.
The animalsstark divergence from gray wolves, researchers believe, places them in an entirely different genus.
This is surprising because we have thought they were closely related for so long. Their skeletons and teeth are very similarit is clearly a case of convergent evolution,” Perri said. “We also learned that they were so genetically distinct from each other that there is no evidence they could interbreed and produce offspring,” 그녀는 덧붙였다.
Dire wolves overlapped with coyotes and gray wolves in North America for some 10,000 years before their extinctionbut still, there is no evidence that they interbred with these species.
The dire wolves were ill equipped to adapt to the changing conditions at the end of the ice age due to their evolutionary differences, experts believe.
The animals were also very different from their glamorous TV counterparts. Unlike real dire wolves, the mythicaldirewolvesdepicted in “왕좌의 게임” were shown to be the size of small horses and associated with the coldest environments in Westeros. In the show, a litter of six direwolf pups were adopted by the Stark children, whose house sigil is that of a direwolf.
On average dire wolves are roughly 20% larger than the average gray wolf today. It also appears that they were adapted to living in low land warm environments, so we envision them being much more like warm climate canidsshorter fur, perhaps reddish, with large ears for thermoregulation,” Perri said.
Much different from the huge, furry gray animals depicted in frozen environments of Game of Thrones,” 그녀는 덧붙였다.

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