A medida que aumentan los casos de VIH a nivel mundial, it's more important than ever to keep yourself safe. Los expertos explican qué hacer

Al conmemorar hoy el Día Mundial del SIDA, una ola de casos de VIH hace que sea más importante que nunca protegerse de contraer el virus.

El virus de la inmunodeficiencia humana, o VIH, attacks the body’s immune system, de acuerdo con la US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. If left untreated, it can lead to AIDS, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
In the last decade, the number of people living with HIV around the world increased from 30.7 millones en 2010 a 38 millones en 2019, de acuerdo a the Kaiser Family Foundation.
    En los Estados Unidos, the number of people living with HIV is expected to rise after a period of decreased testing and treatment during the pandemic.
      Había casi 670,000 fewer HIV screening tests performed between March 13, 2020 y septiembre 30, 2020, compared to the same period in 2019, according to data from the National Syndromic Surveillance Program.

        How can people protect themselves?

        The virus is spread through multiple avenues including penetrative sex, needle-sharing and blood transfusions, de acuerdo con la Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), which noted that it can also be spread from mother to child during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
          The best way to prevent the transmission of HIV is to practice safer sex, according to UNAIDS. This includes wearing protection like condoms and regularly testing for an infection.
          It’s good to know if you are infected because you can take the necessary precautions to prevent spreading it to others, said Charlotte Sector, spokesperson for UNAIDS.

          What should someone do if they have HIV?

          People who are diagnosed with HIV should begin treatment as soon as possible, Sector said.
          One of the most common treatments is anti-retroviral therapy, which lowers the viral load to an undetectable amount, making it so someone cannot transmit the virus, ella dijo.
          “Por ejemplo, a woman living with HIV who takes her treatment daily can have a baby that is born without HIV,” Sector said.
          Without treatment, you are more likely to get sick, even from common germs, said Bijan Farnoudi, director of communications and public affairs at the International AIDS Society.
          When you do get ill, your symptoms last longer and you may not get healthy as quickly, Farnoudi added.
          Without treatment, HIV can be fatal, él dijo.

          What will be the effect of the steep drop in testing during the pandemic?

          The only way to find out if you have HIV is through testing, so decreased testing numbers could mean more people are unknowingly transmitting the virus, said Deborah Gold, chief executive of National AIDS Trust en el Reino Unido.
          The earlier you find out if you have the virus, the better, Gold added.
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          People diagnosed late have a ten-fold increased risk of death within 1 year of HIV diagnosis compared to those diagnosed promptly,” Gold said via email.
            People should get tested every three to six months if they have sex with a new partner, Farnoudi added.
            Visit the CDC’s testing center website for more information about US testing sites.

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