전 세계적으로 HIV 감염 사례가 증가함에 따라, it's more important than ever to keep yourself safe. 전문가들은 무엇을 해야 하는지 설명합니다.

오늘 세계 에이즈의 날을 맞아, HIV 사례의 물결로 인해 바이러스 감염으로부터 자신을 보호하는 것이 그 어느 때보다 중요합니다..

인간 면역 결핍 바이러스, 또는 HIV, attacks the body’s immune system, 에 따르면 미국 질병 통제 및 예방 센터. If left untreated, it can lead to AIDS, acquired immunodeficiency syndrome.
In the last decade, the number of people living with HIV around the world increased from 30.7 백만 2010 ...에 38 백만 2019, 에 따르면 the Kaiser Family Foundation.
    미국에서, the number of people living with HIV is expected to rise after a period of decreased testing and treatment during the pandemic.
      There were nearly 670,000 fewer HIV screening tests performed between March 13, 2020 and September 30, 2020, compared to the same period in 2019, 의 데이터에 따르면 National Syndromic Surveillance Program.

        How can people protect themselves?

        The virus is spread through multiple avenues including penetrative sex, needle-sharing and blood transfusions, 에 따르면 Joint United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS), which noted that it can also be spread from mother to child during pregnancy and breastfeeding.
          The best way to prevent the transmission of HIV is to practice safer sex, according to UNAIDS. This includes wearing protection like condoms and regularly testing for an infection.
          It’s good to know if you are infected because you can take the necessary precautions to prevent spreading it to others, said Charlotte Sector, spokesperson for UNAIDS.

          What should someone do if they have HIV?

          People who are diagnosed with HIV should begin treatment as soon as possible, Sector said.
          One of the most common treatments is anti-retroviral therapy, which lowers the viral load to an undetectable amount, making it so someone cannot transmit the virus, 그녀가 말했다.
          “예를 들면, a woman living with HIV who takes her treatment daily can have a baby that is born without HIV,” Sector said.
          Without treatment, you are more likely to get sick, even from common germs, said Bijan Farnoudi, director of communications and public affairs at the International AIDS Society.
          When you do get ill, your symptoms last longer and you may not get healthy as quickly, Farnoudi added.
          Without treatment, HIV can be fatal, 그는 말했다.

          What will be the effect of the steep drop in testing during the pandemic?

          The only way to find out if you have HIV is through testing, so decreased testing numbers could mean more people are unknowingly transmitting the virus, said Deborah Gold, chief executive of National AIDS Trust 영국에서.
          The earlier you find out if you have the virus, the better, Gold added.
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          People diagnosed late have a ten-fold increased risk of death within 1 year of HIV diagnosis compared to those diagnosed promptly,” Gold said via email.
            People should get tested every three to six months if they have sex with a new partner, Farnoudi added.
            Visit the CDC’s testing center website for more information about US testing sites.

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