Australia is shaping up to be the villain of COP26 climate talks

伦敦 If Australia’s allies were worried that the country might cause them problems at upcoming climate talks in Glasgow, the events of the past week should leave little doubt in their minds. It will.

Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison on Thursday all but confirmed a report that his country had pressured the UK into dropping key climate commitments from their bilateral trade agreement, showing no sign of regret or embarrassment at being caught out.
And on Monday last week, when a senior UN official warned Australia’s climate inaction would eventuallywreak havocon its economy, Australia’s resources minister, Keith Pitt, dismissed the UN as aforeign bodythat should mind its own business. He even bragged about Australia’s plans to keep mining coalwell beyond 2030,while much of the developed world is already well on its way to phasing out the fossil fuel.
    Australia is becoming increasingly isolated from the rest of the world with its obstinate approach to the climate crisis. Leaders like US climate envoy John Kerry and COP26 President Alok Sharma have been focused recently on the climate challenge of Chinabut it’s Australia that’s emerging as the real pariah of the COP26 talks.
      Of all the developed countries, Australia has the poorest standing on climate. It’s clear that Australia will just be absent, 基本上, from the talks,” Bas Eickhout, a Dutch Member of the European Parliament, 告诉CNN.
        They were quite happy with the role the United States played until last year, and now of course they seem to be the last-man standing from the Western countries to block progress,” 他说, referring to the USabsence in global climate efforts during the Trump years.
        The UK has also come under criticism for bowing to Australia in the countriesbilateral trade agreement, in which an explicit reference to containing global warming to 1.5 degrees Celsius appears to have been taken off the table. But a British official close to the negotiations in the lead-up to COP26 said that the UK had otherwise been consistent in its messaging to the Australian government to take the crisis more seriously.
          Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison, 剩下, with UK Prime Minister Boris Johnson in London on June 15, 2021, after the countries struck a trade agreement.

          Part of that messaging included denying Morrison a slot to speak at the Climate Ambition Summit in December last year, an event organized by the UK’s COP26 Presidency, the UN and France.
          多于 70 leaders attended and spoke, and many announced improved emission-cutting pledges, known as a Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs). Australia had no new NDC to announce, and it still doesn’t, having missed a July 31 deadline mandated by the Paris Agreement.
          Last December, we had a little bit more run time, so we were holding the bar very, very high, and you really had to earn your stripes to be able to speak,” the UK official said.
          They’re a developed country, they’ve got huge amount of capacity, and they’re being devastated by climate change, 很坦率地说, and we’ve been pretty strict on that. They haven’t come forward with a long-term strategy.
          There are growing concerns among some delegates that Australia could stifle progress at COP26 talks in key areas. Sharma, who is also a British MP, has said he wants the world to put an end date on coal at the conference and to push for countries to refocus their commitments to containing global warming to 1.5 degrees above pre-industrial levels.
          The Paris Agreement obliged signatories to try to contain temperatures to 2 度数, with a preference for closer to 1.5 度数, but there has been a growing acceptance among many governments that the world should be aiming for 1.5. Scientists see 2 degrees as a critical threshold for many of the Earth’s ecosystems.
          But the comments this past week from Australia’s leaders suggest they will push back on both coal and 1.5.
          We should increase the pressure on partners like Australia,” Peter Liese, an EU Member of Parliament from Germany, 告诉CNN. He added he would be raising the “挑战” of Australia’s climate inaction in the European Parliament as a problem.
          He also said the logic behind Australia’s policy was difficult to understand.
          There’s a general hesitancy in Australia to commit to ambitious climate targets, and that’s quite embarrassing for that country because they suffer already from climate change.
          Australia experienced devastating wildfires in 2019-20, an event that scientists said was made more likely by human-induced climate change.
          A firefighter in Tumburumba, Australia on January 11, 2020.

          The recent UN state-of-the science climate report found that Australia is already experiencing more heat extremes and higher sea level rises than the global average because of climate change. 热, sea level rise and drought are all projected to increase in Australia the more the Earth warms.
          The Australian Department of Industry, 科学, Energy and Resources, which oversees Australia’s climate change policy, has not yet responded to CNN’s questions sent on Friday.

          Australia trails China on net zero

          Australia has pledged to reduce its greenhouse gas emissions by 26-28% 通过 2030, 从 2005 等级, a commitment that sits well below those made by the United States, European Union and United Kingdom, among other developed nations.
          US President Joe Biden, 例如, increased his country’s pledge in April to reduce emissions by 50-52% in the same time frame.
          The Australian Climate Council, which is independent of the government, has suggested the country should slash emissions by 75% 通过 2030, 相比 2005 等级, to do its part in containing global warming to 1.5 度数.
          The Australian government has said it will raise its NDC ahead of the Glasgow talks, but it has not said when or how ambitious it’s likely to be.
          The country’s current pledges do not even put it on track to meet the requirements to keep global warming within 2 degrees Celsius, let alone 1.5, according to Climate Action Tracker, a group that monitors climate policies around the world.
          The watchdog said that if the whole world followed Australia’s policies, temperatures would rise by between 2 和 3 度数.
          And while Australia says achieving carbon neutrality by mid-century would be preferable, it’s one of the only developed nations that hasn’t actually committed to it. Even China, widely seen as a roadblock to international climate progress, has pledged carbon neutrality by 2060.
          A spokesperson for the European Union told CNN that the bloc hopedAustralia’s ambition to reach net zero ‘as soon as possiblecan be turned into a 2050 net zero target.

          Powerful fossil fuel lobbying

          Part of what’s holding Australia back is the power that fossil fuel companies wield in the country. Australia is the world’s second-biggest coal exporter, after Indonesia.
          According to Pitt, the Australian resources minister, coal brought in around $ 50 billion in exports and more than $ 3 billion in royalties last financial year, and provides direct jobs for over 50,000 Australians, and supports the jobs of many more.
          多于 60% of the country’s electricity was generated by coal 去年. 在英国, 它是 1.6% 在 2020.
          An aerial view of a coal mine in Wollongong, 澳大利亚.

          And that’s despite the enormous potential for solar energy in the country. Australia has the highest amount of solar radiation per square meter of land than any other continent, yet just 9% of its electricity comes from the sun.
          The UK, US and EU are all designinggreen recoveriesfrom the Covid-19 pandemicboosting the use of renewables, like wind and solar energy, and setting targets to transition to electric carsbut Australia’s recovery plans center on increasing its exploration and use of natural gas, a fossil fuel that contributes to climate change. 它 “strategyfor electric vehicles doesn’t involve any subsidies or put an end date on combustion engine cars.
          一个 report published on Thursday by the climate think tank InfluenceMap showed that fossil fuel companies are exerting a strong influence over Australian climate policy through well-funded lobbying, and that Australian businesses that are more vocally climate friendly are less engaged in lobbying the government in practice.
          The direction that the Australian government is takingfor example its recent trade negotiations with the UKisn’t coming out of a vacuum,” InfluenceMap Director Ed Collins told CNN.
          When it comes to lobbying for Paris-aligned climate policy, corporate Australia is largely missing in action.
          Collins said that Australia was a clear outlier from its peers in this dynamic. In the United States and Europe, 例如, there are big companies actively pushing the government on climate policy.
          In Australia, that’s not the caseit’s missing those strategically engaged, pro-climate corporate voices.
          It appears that lobbying fossil fuel companies have hijacked climate policy from the Australian people. Most Australians support more climate action from the government, according to a poll by the Lowy Institute in May.
          The poll found that 78% of Australians would support a net zero emissions target for 2050. Around the same number support the government subsidizing electric vehicles. 和 63% support a ban on new coal mines opening in Australia. Yet of the world’s 176 new coal projects, 79 of them are in Australia, according to Fitch SolutionsGlobal Mines Database.
          The real lobbying to government for improved climate policy is left largely to activist groups.
          Lucy Manne, the CEO of, which is an international organization with an Australian presence, accused the Morrison government of deliberately slowing down climate progress.
            This is extremely frustrating, and the government will only see the movement calling for action grow,” 她说.
            The Morrison government risks Australia becoming not just a pariah state on the world stage, but also our economy falling behind. Australia has the potential to become a clean energy superpower and exporter, and the Australian public wants us to be a leader, not a laggard.