Australia pledges $  700 million to protect Great Barrier Reef amid climate change threat

ザ・ オーストラリア人 government on Friday pledged 1 billion Australian dollars ($ 700 百万) to protect the Great Barrier Reef, months after it narrowly avoided being placed on the UN’s cultural agency’s danger list due to the threat of climate change.

Prime Minister Scott Morrison unveiled the nearly decade-long conservation package days ahead of a 2月 1 締め切り set by UNESCO to submit a report on the reef’s state of conservation.
We are backing the health of the reef and the economic future of tourism operators, hospitality providers and Queensland communities that are at the heart of the reef economy,” Morrison 前記 声明の中で.
    The funding will support new climate adaptation technology, investment in water quality programs, and protect key species in the biodiverse reef, 彼が追加した.
      7月に, UNESCO debated whether the Great Barrier Reef was “危険で” — a designation which means a site is under threat. If action wasn’t taken to address concerns, it was at risk of losing its World Heritage status, the UN agency warned.
        文字 published last July, 13 public figuresactors, former politicians and journalistsurged leaders to act fast and “セーブ” the reef.
        We urge the world’s major emitters to undertake the most ambitious climate action under the Paris Agreement,” the letter read. “There is still time to save the Great Barrier Reef, but Australia and the world must act now.
          Morrison’s announcement Friday comes ahead of a general election expected in May.
          The Australian Climate Council, which is independent of the government, dismissed Morrison’s pledge, それを呼ぶ “a band-aid on a broken leg” で ステートメント 金曜日.
          Unless you are cutting emissions deeply this decade the situation on the Reef will only get worse,” climate scientist and Professor of Biology at Macquarie University, Professor Lesley Hughes said in the statement.
          In an interview with radio station 4A Cairns Friday, Morrison said emissions were falling under policies the government has put in place, which is beneficial for the reef.
          We’re achieving those outcomes, and we’re going to keep doing it because we’re passionate about it,” 彼は言った.

          Impact of the climate crisis

          The Great Barrier Reef, the world’s largest coral reef, covers nearly 133,000 平方マイル (344,000 square kilometers) and is home to more than 1,500 types of fish, 以上 400 kinds of hard corals and dozens of other species.
          But the effects of the climate crisis, coupled with a series of natural disasters, have had a devastating impact on the reef. An Australian government five-year 調査 に 2019 found the condition of the natural wonder had deteriorated from “エレクトロニックダンスミュージック” に “very poor.
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          The reef has lost 50% of its coral populations in the last three decades, によると to a study published in October 2020 by researchers from the ARC Centre of Excellence for Coral Reef Studies.
          報告する published in June last year, a UNESCO monitoring mission said that despite the Australian government’s work to improve the reef’s situation, “there is no possible doubt that the property is facing ascertained danger.
          But the Australian government has strongly objected to that conclusion. Environment Minister Sussan Ley flew to Europe last July as part of a last-ditch attempt to convince the other members of the World Heritage to vote against the measure. Australia is currently part of the 21-country rotating committee.
            Morrison on Friday called the reef thebest managed” 世界中.
            Today we take our commitment to a new level,” 彼は言った.