拜登政府要求最高法院挽救奥巴马医改, 翻转特朗普的论点

拜登政府 told the Supreme Court on Wednesday that it should uphold the Affordable Care Act, reversing the position of the Trump administration that had urged the justices to strike down the entire law amid the coronavirus pandemic.

Following the change in Administration, the Department of Justice has reconsidered the government’s position,” Deputy Solicitor General Edwin Kneedler told the court in a letter Wednesday. The United Statesno longer adheres to the conclusionsin a brief filed by the Trump administration.
Kneedler said the federal government now maintains that the individual mandate is constitutional but even if the court disagrees it should sever the mandate and allow the rest of the sprawling law to stand. Such a move would maintain the status quo, as the penalty associated with the mandate has been brought down to zero.
    The case was argued on November 10 and is currently before the justices, with a decision expected by July.
    The letter marks one of the most substantive reversals the Biden administration has taken, but it does not mean the case will go away. It was originally brought by Republican attorneys general, and the Trump administration later joined on.
    The challengers argue that the law’s individual mandate is unconstitutional and that every other provision of the sprawling 900 page law should fall with it. 加利福尼亚州, joined by other Democratic-led states, as well as the House of Representatives, supports the law and has urged the justices to leave it in place.
    The lawsuit concerns a move Congress made in 2017 to cut the penalty for those who lacked insurance to zero as part of the year-end tax overhaul. Critics raced to court arguing that the Supreme Court in 2012 had upheld the law under Congresstax power, 因此, since the mandate is no longer tied to a specific tax penalty, it has lost its legal underpinning.
      The move highlights President Joe Biden’s belief that the law is on strong legal footing. 上个月, 拜登 reopened enrollment on the Affordable Care Act exchanges, announcing that he was signing executive orders related to the law toundo the damage Trump has done.
      This story has been updated with additional context.

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