Biden set to unveil his economic plan for countering China in Asia

東京 ジョー・バイデン大統領 on Monday plans to unveil a long-sought economic plan for engaging a region coming increasingly under the influence of 中国, as he enters the second leg of his debut tour of Asia.

The announcement is one of the centerpieces of Biden’s visit to the continent, which began last week in South Korea and is continuing this week in Japan. Before Biden unveils the Indo-Pacific Economic Framework, which his aides refer to as IPEF, he’ll pay a call on Japan’s Emperor Naruhito and sit for bilateral talks with Prime Minister Fumio Kishida, where security topics are likely to arise.
China has loomed over each of Biden’s stops, a mostly unspoken but ever-present factor in his push to reorient American foreign policy to focus more on Asia. When he meets Tuesday with leaders of a revitalized “クワッド” grouping — アメリカ合衆国, 日本, India and Australiait will be with the tacit intention of countering Beijing’s attempts to expand its influence among its neighbors.
    The economic framework comes with a similar goal. Ever since then-President Donald Trump withdrew the United States from the Trans Pacific Partnershipthe massive trade agreement negotiated during the Obama presidencythe US has been without a defined plan to engage this region economically.
      その間, China has secured several trade agreements with its neighbors, and has sought to wield its economic influence globally through the Belt and Road Initiative.
        The plan Biden will announce Monday isn’t a trade agreement in the traditional sense. It includes onepillarrelated to trade, but also incorporates other areas like making supply chains more resilient, promoting clean energy and combating corruption.
        By unveiling the framework, Biden appears to be acknowledging he has little intention of rejoining TPP, which remains unpopular among United States lawmakers who would need to ratify the deal. 代わりに, he hopes to generate an economic sphere that can compete with China.
          That will require convincing other countries to joinnot only staunch partners like Japan and South Korea but smaller nations, particularly in Southeast Asia, who aren’t as closely aligned with the United States.
          The plan’s early detractors have suggested it lacks any incentiveslike lowering tariffsin return for joining up. Biden’s aides suggest there are other ways to facilitate more trade and market access, and that the framework itself provides an attractive opportunity for participating countries to work closely with the United States. そしてどちらかといえば, Biden’s announcement Monday reflects just the beginning of the process for writing the plan.
          すでに, China has responded harshly to the framework, with a senior envoy calling it aclosed and exclusive clique.
            Speaking to reporters aboard Air Force One as Biden was traveling from South Korea to Japan, national security adviser Jake Sullivan said the criticism was expected.
            It’s not a surprise to me that China has concerns about the number of countries, the diversity of countries who have expressed interest in and enthusiasm for IPEF,” 彼は言った. “It’s natural that they’re going to try to find ways to raise questions.

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