But the transition will be difficult
; passenger vehicles contribute
29% of total US greenhouse gas emissions
, and EVs and plug-in hybrids combined only account for around
2% of the US auto sales
, according to a UAW analysis
. EVs made up just
2.6% of total global car sales as of
2019, 에 따르면 International Energy Agency
It would be the most significant change for the industry since Henry Ford’s moving assembly line, said Harley Shaiken, a labor expert at the University of California Berkeley.
“Historically the union has embraced new technologies but has worked very hard to ensure workers can benefit from that,” Shaiken told CNN.
EVs are easier to make in large part because they have fewer components
. Internal combustion vehicles and their powertrains — the mechanics that convert gasoline to energy and propel the vehicles — have far more individual components to assemble
. EVs are powered by batteries and use energy more efficiently
, 에 따르면 Department of Energy analysis
Climate change and the global impact of fossil fuel emissions are a secondary consideration for many union members compared to job security, Shaiken said. Workers may be more concerned about whether they can make enough money to feed their families and send their kids to college.
There are tens of thousands of auto workers in Indiana, Michigan and Ohio involved in producing internal combustion engines, Wayne State University professor and UAW labor expert Marick Masters told CNN. With many fewer parts to electric vehicles and less labor required, there are natural questions about what impact the transition could have on jobs.
“There’s also a level of concern with pay and benefits at these new companies
, the new footprint of employment that would take place
,” Masters said
, speaking about prominent EV companies like 테슬라 (TSLA)
, which produces the vast majority US-made electric vehicles and is openly anti-union
Forging a compromise between unions, auto makers and environmental groups in the lead-up to Biden’s August announcement was “단단한,” a source with knowledge of the conversations told CNN.
“It’s been a bit of a struggle, and none of that should surprise any of us,” 소식통이 말했다. “The UAW has watched automakers writ large find creative ways, as markets shift, to avoid bargaining with unions.”
To help ease the transition, the UAW is lobbying the White House and lawmakers to support consumer tax incentives for purchasing union-made EVs, a proposal included in the budget reconciliation bill currently making its way through Congress.
An amendment from Democratic Sen. Debbie Stabenow of Michigan would provide a base credit of $ 7,500 to help consumers purchase electric vehicles, 추가 $ 2,500 credit for vehicles made in America and another $ 2,500 credit for vehicles made with union labor.
Should that amendment pass via budget reconciliation, consumers buying American and union-made EVs could be eligible for a maximum tax credit of $ 12,500.
“With the EV consumer credit, the way we’re writing it is to skew it in favor of domestically produced and union produced vehicles,” 민주당 대표. Dan Kildee of Michigan told CNN. “If we don’t get ahead of the EV production and consumer demand, we could see Americans buying EVs that are produced somewhere else. Our goal is to make sure we have American jobs.”
The Biden administration supports the incentive
, though that’s no guarantee it will survive the intense negotiations taking shape in Washington this month
. Two moderate Senate Democrats
, 의미. Joe Manchin and Kyrsten Sinema
, have already voiced opposition
에 $ 3.5 trillion topline
, with Manchin calling for a “pause” on reconciliation
One Democratic lawmaker told CNN that for electric vehicles to take off in the US market, Congress is going to have to do more than pass better tax incentives; it will also need to pass funding for electric vehicle charging stations that would allow drivers to recharge their vehicles as easily as it would be to fill up their tanks with gasoline.
“What we’re not doing is moving at the same place to develop a grid that would support it,” 대표가 말했다. Gwen Moore of Michigan. “That’s where I would really like to see us step up.”
With his 50% EV by 2030 골, Biden signaled he wants the United States to ramp up production now. And although UAW president Curry says he’s wary of getting “locked into hardline percentage numbers” for EV targets, union leaders realize the shift to electric is approaching quickly.
“It’s coming, it’s inevitable,” said Bernie Ricke, the UAW Local 600 대통령. “I don’t think anyone can predict how fast it’s coming, so from our perspective, our members want to be the ones that build them.”
At the August announcement
, Biden was surrounded by union officials and introduced by Ricke
, whose Dearborn
, 미시간, plant is responsible for producing the new all-electric Ford F150 Lightning
. Next year
, that plant will start assembling the electric F150 Lightning alongside a hybrid truck and two internal combustion engines
Ricke told CNN there’s concern from his members about how EVs could affect their jobs, and a strong desire to not only assemble the cars, but to manufacture batteries and other EV components as well.
Union leaders told CNN they recognize an ally in Biden and have praised the president’s pro-union rhetoric. 지금은, they are relying on Biden’s and Congressional Democrats’ word that they’ll attempt to boost union-made cars with tax credits — something that is far from guaranteed.
Importantly, the union doesn’t want to be left out of negotiations on the cars of the future.
“We’re not going to sit on the sidelines and debate the issue; we are going to be part of the discussions,” Curry said.