Billie Jean King Fast Facts

Here is a look at the life of tennis champion and LGBTQ advocate and activist Billie Jean King.

Personale

Data di nascita: novembre 22, 1943
Luogo di nascita: Long Beach, California
    Nome di nascita: Billie Jean Moffitt
    Padre: Willard J. Moffitt, engineer for a fire department
    Madre: Betty Moffitt, an Avon sales representative
    Matrimonio: Larry King (settembre 17, 1965-1987, divorziato)
    Formazione scolastica: Attended Los Angeles State College (now California State University, Gli angeli), 1961-1964
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    Altri fatti

    She is the founder and first president of the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA).
    Threatened to boycott the 1973 US Open if equal prize money was not awarded. The fight she started for equal pay in the Grand Slams took 34 years to reach fruition when Wimbledon became the last of the four to fall into line in 2007.
    She remained friends withBattle of the Sexesopponent Bobby Riggs off the court until his death in 1995 of prostate cancer.

    Sequenza temporale

    1959 – Makes her tennis debut.
    1961 – Wins her first Wimbledon title, in doubles with Karen Hautze.
    1966 – Wins her first Wimbledon singles title.
    1966-1968, 1972, 1973, 1975 – Wimbledon singles champion.
    1967, 1971-1972, 1974 – US Open singles champion.
    1968 – Australian Open singles champion.
    1972 – French Open singles champion.
    1971 – Becomes the first female athlete to win $ 100,000 in a single year.
    1972 – Wins the US Open and threatens to bow out the following year if the prize money for the men and women were not equal.
    1973 – The US Open becomes the first major tournament to award equal prize money to men and women.
    giugno 30, 1973 – Establishes il Women’s Tennis Association (WTA).
    settembre 20, 1973 – A 29, wins theBattle of the Sexes match in straight sets, 6-4, 6-3, 6-3, at the Houston Astrodome against 55-year-old Riggs. King earns the $ 100,000 winner-take-all prize.
    1973-1975, 1980-1981 – Presidente, Women’s Tennis Association (WTA).
    1974 – Is a founding partner, along with her husband Larry, di World Team Tennis, a competitive co-ed circuit league. She also helps establish the Women’s Sports Foundation.
    Maggio 2, 1981 – Acknowledges that she is a lesbian after Marilyn Barnett files a palimony lawsuit against her. She becomes one of the first professional athletes to publicly disclose her homosexuality.
    1984 – Retires from professional tennis.
    2006 – The United States Tennis Association (USTA) National Tennis Center in Flushing, New York, is rededicated as the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center. The Center is the home of the US Open.
    dicembre 17, 2013 – Is named al US delegation for the opening ceremony al 2014 Winter Olympics in Russia di Il presidente Barack Obama. She later withdraws due to her mother’s illness.
    2014 – Establishes the non-profit, Billie Jean King Leadership Initiative.
    febbraio 15, 2014 – King is named as part of the presidential delegation to the closing ceremony of the Winter Olympics in Russia, after having to withdraw from the opening ceremonies.
    settembre 22, 2017 – La pellicola Battle of the Sexes,” opens. The film is about King’s 1973 tennis match victory over Riggs.
      gennaio 12, 2018 – Calls for the Australian Open’s Margaret Court Arena to be renamed because of the Melbourne Park champion’s views on homosexuality. At a media conference King states, “I was fine until she said lately so many derogatory things about my community. I’m a gay womanthat really went deep in my heart and soul.
      settembre 21, 2019 – The City of Long Beach opens il Billie Jean King Main Library. The building is located in the new $ 533 million Civic Center. The City Council voted unanimously in July to name the building after the famous native.

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