Billie Jean King Fast Facts

Here is a look at the life of tennis champion and LGBTQ advocate and activist 比利·简·金.

个人

生日: 十一月 22, 1943
出生地: Long Beach, 加利福尼亚州
    出生时的名字: Billie Jean Moffitt
    父亲: Willard J. Moffitt, engineer for a fire department
    母亲: Betty Moffitt, an Avon sales representative
    婚姻: 拉里·金 (九月 17, 1965-1987, divorced)
    教育: Attended Los Angeles State College (now California State University, 天使), 1961-1964
    Tennis legend Billie Jean King cements her legacy

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      Tennis legend Billie Jean King cements her legacy

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    其他事实

    She is the founder and first president of the Women’s Tennis Association (WTA).
    Threatened to boycott the 1973 美国公开赛 if equal prize money was not awarded. The fight she started for equal pay in the Grand Slams took 34 years to reach fruition when 温网 became the last of the four to fall into line in 2007.
    She remained friends withBattle of the Sexesopponent Bobby Riggs off the court until his death in 1995 of prostate cancer.

    时间线

    1959 – Makes her tennis debut.
    1961 – Wins her first Wimbledon title, in doubles with Karen Hautze.
    1966 – Wins her first Wimbledon singles title.
    1966-1968, 1972, 1973, 1975 – Wimbledon singles champion.
    1967, 1971-1972, 1974 – US Open singles champion.
    1968 – 澳网 singles champion.
    1972 – 法国公开赛 singles champion.
    1971 – Becomes the first female athlete to win $ 100,000 in a single year.
    1972 – Wins the US Open and threatens to bow out the following year if the prize money for the men and women were not equal.
    1973 – The US Open becomes the first major tournament to award equal prize money to men and women.
    六月 30, 1973 – Establishes Women’s Tennis Association (WTA).
    九月 20, 1973 – 在 29, wins theBattle of the Sexes match in straight sets, 6-4, 6-3, 6-3, at the Houston Astrodome against 55-year-old Riggs. King earns the $ 100,000 winner-take-all prize.
    1973-1975, 1980-1981 – 总统, Women’s Tennis Association (WTA).
    1974 – Is a founding partner, along with her husband Larry, 的 World Team Tennis, a competitive co-ed circuit league. She also helps establish the Women’s Sports Foundation.
    可能 2, 1981 – Acknowledges that she is a lesbian after Marilyn Barnett files a palimony lawsuit against her. She becomes one of the first professional athletes to publicly disclose her homosexuality.
    1984 – Retires from professional tennis.
    2006 – The United States Tennis Association (USTA) 法拉盛国家网球中心, 纽约, is rededicated as the USTA Billie Jean King National Tennis Center. The Center is the home of the US Open.
    十二月 17, 2013 – Is namedUS delegation for the opening ceremony 2014 Winter Olympics in Russia 通过 奥巴马总统. She later withdraws due to her mother’s illness.
    2014 – Establishes the non-profit, Billie Jean King Leadership Initiative.
    二月 15, 2014 – King is named as part of the presidential delegation to the closing ceremony of the Winter Olympics in Russia, after having to withdraw from the opening ceremonies.
    九月 22, 2017 – The film Battle of the Sexes,” opens. The film is about King’s 1973 tennis match victory over Riggs.
      一月 12, 2018 – Calls for the Australian Open’s Margaret Court Arena to be renamed because of the Melbourne Park champion’s views on homosexuality. At a media conference King states, “I was fine until she said lately so many derogatory things about my community. I’m a gay womanthat really went deep in my heart and soul.
      九月 21, 2019 – The City of Long Beach opensBillie Jean King Main Library. The building is located in the new $ 533 million Civic Center. The City Council voted unanimously in July to name the building after the famous native.

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