While competing myths have left some history-loving shoppers scratching their heads, el consenso general es que el Black Friday comenzó en Pensilvania en el siglo XX.
“Many people think that ‘Black Friday’ comes from the idea that it’s a highly profitable day for retailers, one where they’re getting ‘out of the red’ and ‘into the black,"” said Jay Myers, the co-founder and vice president of growth at Bold Commerce. “The term didn’t actually originate from retailers. Philadelphia police officers first used the term ‘Black Friday’ in the 1960s to describe the day after Thanksgiving, when a flurry of tourists came into the city to shop, causing traffic jams and accidents.”
Black Friday Little Known Facts
1. The first recorded ‘Black Friday’: The first time the term “Viernes negro” was used on a national level came in September 1869. Pero, it wasn’t in reference to holiday shopping.
History records show the term was used to describe American Wall Street financiers Jay Gould and Jim Fisk, who bought up a significant portion of the nation’s gold to drive up the price. The pair weren’t able to re-sell the gold at the inflated profit margins they planned for and their business venture got unveiled on Sept. 24, 1869.
“The scheme ultimately came to light on that Friday in September, throwing the stock market into rapid decline and bankrupting everybody from Wall Street millionaires to poor citizens,” said Lyle David Solomon, a bankruptcy attorney at Oak View Law Group. “The stock market plummeted by 20%, and foreign trading ceased. The value of wheat and corn harvests dropped by half for peasants.”
2. Black Friday is celebrated in other countries: Los Estados Unidos. isn’t the only country that celebrates Black Friday. Fourteen countries reportedly observe the annual holiday shopping event, according to Baruch Labunski – the CEO at Rank Secure, a digital analytics and SEO marketing firm.
The countries that observe Black Friday include Canada, the U.K., Sudáfrica, Irlanda, Alemania, Italia, Suecia, Bélgica, Luxembourg, Los países bajos, Brazil, México, Australia and New Zealand.
3. Black Friday sale events have gotten longer: For more than 60 años, Black Friday has been one of the busiest days for retail stores and holiday shoppers. The event has gotten longer with early or extended Black Friday doorbusters that customers can take advantage of in stores and online.
“Hoy dia, Black Friday has turned into more than a month-long event, with retailers looking at it as a huge customer acquisition event,” said Myers.
Retail stores have followed up Black Friday sales with Cyber Monday and Cyber Week events where shoppers can make holiday purchases exclusively online.