Brazil announces Covid-19 vaccination rollout plan

Brazil’s Ministry of Health on Wednesday announced its national vaccination rollout plan to counter Covid-19, set to start early next year.

During a ceremony at the Planalto Palace in Brasilia, with President Jair Bolsonaro in attendance, the country’s Health Minister Eduardo Pazuello gave what he called a “macro-view” of the strategy to vaccinate Brazilians. ANVISA, Brazil’s health regulatory agency, has yet to officially authorize the use of any Covid-19 vaccine in Brazil.
The plan consists of four phases based on priority groups. The first three phases will constitute the vaccination of 49,650,255 people and should start in February, according to health authorities.
    The priority groups will include health and educational workers, the indigenous population, elderly people over 75 years old, those with pre-existing health conditions, security forces and transport officials and inmates, among others.
    According to a statement published Wednesday by the health ministry, Brazil has already negotiated deals for more than 300 million doses of the vaccine for 2021, “through agreements with Fiocruz / AstraZeneca (100.4 million doses) and the COVAX Facility (42.9 million doses).”
    “In addition, a memoranda of understanding was done with the pharmaceutical company Pfizer to acquire 70 million doses –8.5 million doses by June 2021, with 2 million doses expected for the first quarter– and with the pharmaceutical company Janssen, for the acquisition of 38 million doses, of these, 3 million doses for the second quarter of 2021,” says the statement.
    In late June, Brazil signed an agreement for the country’s Osvaldo Cruz Foundation, also known as Fiocruz, to produce the British AstraZeneca/Oxford vaccine in the country.
    Additionally, at the end of September, the state of Sao Paulo signed an agreement with Chinese SinoVac to receive millions of doses of the potential vaccine. Sinovac and Brazilian leading biomedical research center, the Butantan Institute, conducted Phase III trials of the vaccine in Brazil.
      “All vaccines produced in Brazil, by Butantan, Fiocruz or by any industry, will have the priority of SUS (Brazil’s national health system),” Pazuello said.
      In Brazil, four vaccines are in Phase III testing: AstraZeneca, Janssen, Sinovac and Pfizer. None have requested emergency registration with ANVISA to date, according to a Wednesday statement from the country’s health ministry.

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