Carlos the Jackal Fast Facts

Here’s a look at the life of Carlos the Jackal, once one of the world’s most wanted terrorists.

个人

生日: 十月 12, 1949
出生地: 加拉加斯, 委内瑞拉
    出生时的名字: Ilich Ramirez Sanchez
    父亲: José Altagracia Ramírez Navas, a Marxist, millionaire lawyer
    母亲: Elba Maria Sánchez
    Marriages: Isabelle Coutant-Peyre (2001-当下); Lana Jarrar; Magdalena Kopp (divorced)
    小孩儿: with Magdalena Kopp: Elba Rosa, 1986; with mother unnamed: one son; with two unnamed mothers: 两个女儿
    教育: Patrice Lumumba University in Moscow 1968-1970, expelled
    Religion: Converted to Islam in the early 1990s

    其他事实

    His father named him after Vladmir IIyich Lenin.
    Reportedly financed at times by both Saddam HusseinMoammar Gadhafi.
    Has taken credit for more than 80 谋杀案.
    His nickname, given to him by the media, came from a fictional terrorist in the 1971 Frederick Forsyth novel, “The Day of the Jackal.

    时间线

    Early 1970sJoins the Popular Front for the Liberation of Palestine.
    十二月 1973 Shoots and wounds Joseph Edward Sieff, the president of the Marks and Spencer retail chain, in Sieff’s London home.
    一月 1975Twice attempts to launch rocket-propelled grenades at Israeli airliners at Orly Airport in France, but is unsuccessful.
    六月 27, 1975 Kills two French secret agents and a fellow revolutionary.
    十二月 21-29, 1975 – Takes 60-70 hostages at an OPEC meeting in Vienna. Most are released shortly afterward. 然而, a group of 11 hostages and several terrorists leave Austria by plane and makes several stops in North Africa. Although Ramirez’s instructions were to kill the Saudi Arabian oil minister and the Iranian interior minister, everyone is released alive after a $ 50 million ransom is paid.
    四月 22, 1982 Masterminds a Paris car bombing that kills one and injures 63.
    1993 – Is expelled from 叙利亚, where he has been living since the early 1980s.
    八月 14, 1994 – Is captured by French agents in Khartoum, 苏丹.
    十二月 23, 1997 – Is convicted and sentenced to life in prison for the 1975 killing of two French secret agents and a Lebanese revolutionary.
    六月 26, 2003Publishes a book, “Revolutionary Islam,” which praises Osama bin Laden.
    游行 2007Wins an appeal of a 5,000 Euro fine levied against him for comments made in a 2004 记录. He was originally found guilty of defending terrorism for saying, “In a legal war, we are authorized to take life if necessary.The Appeals Court rules that his comments were taken out of context.
    可能 2007 French anti-terrorism Judge Jean-Louis Bruguiere orders Ramirez to stand trial for bombings that occurred in France in 1982 和 1983. Eleven people were killed and more than 100 injured in the attacks.
    十一月 7, 2011 – Trial begins in Paris.
    十二月 15, 2011 – Found guilty of killing 11 people in bomb attacks in the 1980s. 他是 sentenced to another life term 在狱中.
    六月 26, 2013 – A French appeals court upholds his second life sentence.
    十月 7, 2014 – It is announced Ramirez will stand trial for a 1974 grenade attack in Paris which killed two and injured 34.
      游行 28, 2017 – Receives third life sentence for the 1974 attack in Paris.
      游行 15, 2018 – A French appeals court upholds his third life sentence.

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