中国と米国はどちらも武力紛争から生まれました. They're now polar opposites on gun control

この物語のバージョンは、CNNの一方の中国のニュースレターに掲載されました, 国の台頭とそれが世界に与える影響について知っておくべきことを探る週3回の更新. ここでサインアップ.

先週, a 47-year-old man stormed into a law firm in China’s Wuhan city and shot dead a lawyer who he hadsome disputes with,” according to Chinese state media. He then stuffed his gun, just under 20 インチ (50 センチメートル) long, into a tennis racket bag and left.

The fatal shooting shocked many in China, which has some of the world’s strictest gun control lawsso much so, that some people thought initial reports were about yet another American shooting.
When my friend told me about the shooting, I thought it was the United States,” one person wrote on the Chinese social media platform Weibo. Another user wrote, “Using a gun to kill people in China? Am I watching an American movie?”
    That disbelief widely reflects how rare gun crime is in Chinain contrast to it being a daily reality in the US.
      The two countries stand on opposite ends of the spectrum of gun control, with the right to bear arms legally protected and vehemently defended in one, and a near-total ban on civilian firearm ownership in the other.
        The difference is stark when it comes to public safety. Despite being the world’s most populous country, と 1.4 billion residents, China only records a few dozen gun crimes a year. And more broadly, violent crime has continued falling, reaching its lowest level in 20 years in 2020, according to state-run news outlet Xinhua.
        その間, the US reports hundreds of mass shootings every year, 以上で 475 such incidents recorded so far in 2021 — not to mention many more gun deaths like suicides. Though there have been growing calls for gun control across the country, violent crime in general is on the risemajor cities saw a 33% increase in homicides last year, in a crime surge that has continued this year.
          China frequently draws this comparison, using America’s crime rate to accuse the country of hypocrisy and ineffective governance, while downplaying its own rare incidents. For instance, the police statement on the Wuhan shooting avoided any mention of the gun, only saying the attacker had “負傷者” an employee.
          State-run media outlets, その間, have published dozens of articles about shootings in the US in the past few months alone. に 2019, nationalist tabloid Global Times touted China’s effective gun control asa lesson for (インクルード) US.” 最近になって, a Xinhua editorial in June called the US adouble-dealerfor criticizing other countries on human rights grounds while failing to tackle its ownraging gun crimes.
          The two countriesopposite approaches are especially striking given both nations were born from armed insurrectionthe US winning its independence in the Revolutionary War in 1783, and the Chinese Communist Party establishing the People’s Republic of China in 1949 after a lengthy rebellion against the Nationalist government.
          But their attitudes diverged from there, with the US enshrining the right to bear arms in the Constitution, arguing that this right, と “well regulated militia,” だった “necessary to the security of a free state.
          China swung in the other direction, deciding that an armed public posed a threat to safety and stability in the still-fragile, newly won country. For Communist Party leaders, weapons were a means of revolution, with Chairman Mao Zedong famously declaring in 1927: “Political power grows out of the barrel of a gun.
          Just two years after the People’s Republic was founded, the government implemented measures prohibiting citizens from buying, selling or privately manufacturing guns. Several smaller ministries had passed gun control laws over the years — しかし 1989 Tiananmen Square crackdown, in which the Chinese military violently crushed protests led by college students in Beijing, marked a tipping point.
          The government implemented new gun control regulations just months lateran extension of its wider crackdown on all forms of public dissent and organized resistance.
          沿って 1996, a national gun control law had been promulgated by the National People’s Congress, China’s rubber-stamp legislature. 法律の下で, only a few groups of people are allowed to own guns, including law enforcement, security personnel, government-approved sports shooters and government-approved hunters.
          The Communist Party’s grip has only grown tighter under President Xi Jinping. 近年では, authorities have carried out more raids and offered freedom from prosecution in firearms amnesties. Police destroyed 69,000 illegal guns last November; this May, the government announced it was launching yet another four-month campaign to seize illegal guns.
          China’s gun control policy is broadly popular among the public, これ — like many in the international communityviews US gun crime with bewilderment and horror.
          But the severe, inflexible rules have also provoked controversy at times. In one notorious case, a 20-year-old man in Fujian province was sentenced to life imprisonment in 2016 for buying replica guns online, unaware that even fake guns could be considered de facto firearms. His case sparked outcry and garnered sympathy among the public, and his sentence was reduced to seven years in 2018.
          And though China is comparatively safer in terms of violent crime it has one tenth of the murder rate in the US, による 2018 データ — it still faces other threats like knife attacks, often targeting schoolchildren, with a spate of mass stabbings 近年では. The perpetrators are often found to have mental illnesses, highlighting the limited mental health resources in China and social stigma that surrounds the issue.

          Authorities look to stamp out ‘boys’ 愛する’ dramas

          As Chinese authorities crack down further on the entertainment industry, “boys’ 愛する” dramas are next on the chopping block.
          ザ・ “boys’ 愛する” genre, depicting romance between male characters, has long attracted audiences in Japan and South Korea. But in the past few years, the genre has boomed in the Chinese marketespecially after the runaway success ofThe Untamed,” a fantasy drama set in ancient China that has so far been viewed more than 9.8 billion times on Chinese streaming website Tencent.
          But boyslove shows have to comply with Chinese censors, which ban the portrayal of gay and lesbian relationships.
          Though homosexuality was decriminalized in China in 1997, stigma remains strong, reflected in strict censorship by social media platforms as well as film and television regulators.
          That means no explicit scenes between same-sex couples, or even so much as a kiss. 代わりに, China’s boyslove dramas are filled with heated glances, lingering touches, long moments of tension and implicit but unmistakeable romance.
          しかしながら, it seems even these unspoken love stories may no longer be allowed.
          この前の木曜日, the country’s National Radio and Television Administration held a meeting urging the television industry to boycott adaptions of boyslove novels, reported the state-run Global Times tabloid.
          The group’s vice director, Zhu Yonglei, decriedunhealthy phenomena in entertainmentand asked industry leaders to avoid actors who aremorally tainted,” according to Global Times.
          レポート, which criticized other aspects of boyslove shows such as theirrational loyal fans,” added that most of the viewers are youngwhich is why regulators need to ensure they received the properinfluence on their value system.
          This comes after several moves earlier this year that have clamped down further on the LGBTQ community, including the cancellation of China’s biggest Pride festival and the shutdown of dozens of LGBTQ accounts ソーシャルメディアで.

          River tragedy

          少なくとも 10 people died after an overloaded ferry carrying mostly students capsized in a river in China’s southern province of Guizhou on Saturday. The ferry is the main mode of transport for students living in riverside villages to go to school in town on the other side of the water. The students had been on their way home for the Mid-Autumn Festival, a three-day holiday that began Sunday, when the ferry overturned in bad weather, according to Chinese media.

          Troubled Chinese firm Evergrande faces big tests this week

          ザ・ heavily indebted Chinese conglomerate Evergrande is facing several critical tests this week.
          The company was supposed to repay interest on bank loans Monday, according to Bloomberg. The news outlet recently reported that Chinese authorities have told major banks they won’t receive those payments.
          Reuters also reported earlier this month that Evergrande intended to suspend interest payments due on bank loans Tuesday. And interest payments are due later this week on two of the company’s bonds, totaling nearly $ 120 百万, according to data provider Refinitiv.
          It’s not clear how much — もしあれば — of those debt obligations will be met this week. The real estate giant is on the brink of default, and is scrambling to pay back its massive $ 300 billion debtan amount that comprises about 2% of China’s GDP. それ $ 300 billion debt burden is also about 6.5% of the total debt of China’s property sector, according to an estimate by UBS.
          The company has about 200,000 従業員, raked in more than $ 110 billion in sales last year, and has more than 1,300 developments, ロイターによると. Its huge liabilities are widely held by financial institutions, retail investors, suppliers, and home buyers.
          The size of the company and the complex network of its debt obligations means a default by Evergrande could pose spillover risks to the broader property sector and the economy.
          Evergrande’s bonds and stocks have been plunging as the company delays payments to wealth management and trust products, deepening a year of huge losses. The company’s stock has shed nearly 90% 過去には 12 月.
          先週, the company warned that it could default on its huge debts as it struggles to cut costs or find buyers for some of its assets.
          Angry investors have also reportedly protested in several Chinese cities and besieged Evergrande’s headquarters in Shenzhen.
          For more on Evergrande, read about how this Chinese business empire came to the brink of default on CNNビジネス.
          By Laura He

            Around Asia

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            • タリバン has called on boys to resume secondary school education, with no mention of girls. The group has denied Afghan women would be excluded, claiming they needed to set up asecure transportation systemfor female students.
            • The school year has started at Hong Kong’s most prestigious universitybut a political chill hangs over the campus, in the wake of the city’s sweeping national security law.
            • 少なくとも 235 人々は逮捕され、 10 police officers injured following a large anti-lockdown protest on Saturday in Melbourne, オーストラリア.