The UN, あまりにも, was forced to choose — and the fateful vote in 1971 ultimately reflected the shift in which “中国” its members had decided to recognize.
Dual representation in the UN had been previously raised as a potential solution
— but it was shot down by both Beijing and Taipei
. “There is no room for patriots and traitors to live together
,” Chiang Kai-shek
, leader of the defeated Nationalists
, famously said
In the decades since the vote, the resolution has helped shape China’s rise as a world power and granted it broad voting power in “participating in the UN bureaucracy and shaping the language of UN resolutions,” said Maggie Lewis, an expert in contemporary Chinese law at Seton Hall University.
And under increasing pressure from Beijing, Taiwan has steadily become ever more diplomatically isolated, excluded from major agencies like the World Health Organization.
北京, その間, continues to view Taiwan as an inseparable part of its territory
— even though the two sides have been governed separately for over seven decades and the Chinese Communist Party has never controlled the democratic island of around
Despite such pressures
, Taiwan has continued to maintain relations with a number of key Western partners
, especially the アメリカ
, which provides Taiwan with defensive weapons and has sent top officials to visit the island
In a statement Saturday, the US State Department said US and Taiwanese officials had met for a “discussion focused on supporting Taiwan’s ability to participate meaningfully at the UN.”
“US participants reiterated the US commitment to Taiwan’s meaningful participation at the World Health Organization and UN framework convention on climate change and discussed ways to highlight Taiwan’s ability to contribute to efforts on a wide range of issues,” 追加しました.
Unsurprisingly, the statement was met with indignation in China, which considers such suggestions a dangerous signal to advocates of Taiwan’s formal independence.
Chinese state media quickly blasted the Biden administration as “the most incapable and degenerate in the country’s history,” adding that Taiwan had “fabricated history and betrayed morality.” The push for Taiwan’s participation in the UN was a “cheap shot” そして “shameless manipulation,” と言いました.
Though only sovereign states can be full UN members
, Taipei has accused Beijing of
” インクルード 1971 resolution to keep Taiwan out
, suggesting that Taipei no longer contests the UN China seat
. Many on the island simply want to participate separately under the name Taiwan
ザ・ 1971 resolution “merely decided upon the question of credentials — あれは, the question of who represents the UN member state China, without implying a position on the scope of its territory, let alone endorsing the PRC’s claim of sovereignty over Taiwan,” 前記 Liang-yu Wang, Deputy Representative of the Taipei Economic and Cultural Office in the US, the island’s de facto embassy, 木曜日に.
“But all the years, China has made the leap from a matter of accreditation, to a political statement, even a legal claim,” 彼女は付け加えた. “したがって、, nowadays the resolution is often wrongly cited to exclude Taiwan’s participation in the meetings and activities in the UN system.”
Even “superficial participation” has been blocked — and meaningful participation will be even harder, said Chinese law expert Lewis. In the eyes of Beijing, even the most marginal inclusion for Taiwan into the UN could undermine its claim of sovereignty — a bottom line it has vowed to defend at all cost.