Though the analysis Schumer cites combines the impacts of both the bipartisan infrastructure bill and the reconciliation bill, it also shows the vast majority of the emissions reduction would be achieved through budget reconciliation.
相近 42% of the goal would be achieved from a Clean Electricity Payment Program and clean energy tax incentives to vastly expand wind
, solar and other renewable energy technology
, according to Schumer’s analysis
. 几乎 16% would come from electric vehicle tax incentives
, and another
9% would come from a fee on methane
The Clean Electricity Payment Program — also known as a Clean Electricity Standard — provides incentives and payments for electricity suppliers to gradually increase the amount of clean electricity they produce — getting to 80% clean electricity nationwide by 2030. Biden has said he wants to hit 100% clean electricity in 2035.
CNN has not yet been able to independently verify the figures in Schumer’s letter
, but Leon Clarke
, the research director at the University of Maryland’s Center for Global Sustainability
, told CNN that it generally aligns with outside analysis
. Multiple studies show that the two largest contributors to US emissions are electricity generation and transportation
— and that decarbonizing these two sectors would bring the majority of emissions reductions
“Almost always what you see is that basically by phasing out coal and replacing it with other stuff, that electricity is going to be 50% of your reductions,” Clarke told CNN. “Those are your big plays in the short run.”
Given the reconciliation bill is still being drafted, Clarke said it’s difficult for experts to determine whether the policies would make the dent lawmakers are saying they will. 例如, there’s not yet a final dollar amount allocated for a Clean Electricity Payment Program, or tax credits for renewable energy.
“Everyone’s guessing; nobody knows what the policies are,” Clarke said. “Everyone knows you’ve got to get rid of coal, but nobody has the ability to say here’s what’s going to be in the actual bill and here’s an assessment of that.”
Schumer told senators his team “aggregated the best available data from a wide range of organizations that specialize in policy analysis for each emissions reducing policy in the Infrastructure Investment and Jobs Act, and each proposed policy for the budget resolution.”
The letter also reiterated the numbers are expected to change; the budget reconciliation bill and accompanying tax plan still have yet to be written. While committees have reconciliation instructions, the real work of drafting the bills will take place over the next month.
Schumer has said he wants a final draft of the reconciliation bill completed by Sept. 15.
“We are on the precipice of the most significant climate action in our country’s history,” Schumer wrote. “I do not believe we have the luxury of failure if we are to provide a good future for ourselves and our children.”