Gobernador. Jared Polis signed a law
a principios de esta semana prohibir officials at state-supported higher education institutions from considering family relationships to alumni
— otherwise known as legacy preference
— as a criteria during the admissions process
“I remember wondering if I said no if it would hurt my chance at getting in,” ella dijo. “With House Bill 1173 we are making sure students get into school based on merit and their hard work, and not their family relationship to the school.”
Legacy preferences largely privilege White students
Legacy preferences in college admissions have come under increasing scrutiny in recent years
, with opponents arguing it amounts to
“affirmative action for the rich
The system dates back to the early 20th century
, originating as a tactic for the nation’s most selective schools to limit how many Jewish and European immigrant students were admitted
, says Richard Kahlenberg
, director of K-12 equity and senior fellow at the think tank The Century Foundation
Hoy dia, the practice is still employed at many of the nation’s most selective colleges and universities — and experts say it perpetuates racial and economic disparities.
Children of color are less likely to have a parent who graduated college compared to their White peers — meaning they’re less likely to get the admissions boost that often comes with having a parent who is an alumnus of a particular school.
“Legacy preferences, almost by definition, help the already advantaged,” Kahlenberg said. “If we want a genuine meritocracy, then we would want to give extra consideration to students who have overcome hurdles because their academic record probably doesn’t reflect their full potential. Legacy preferences do precisely the opposite.”
Sobre 54% of White children in
2019 lived in a household with a parent who held a bachelor’s degree
, de acuerdo con la National Center for Education Statistics
. Solo 27% of Black children
, 25% Pacific Islander children
, 24% of American Indian/Alaska Native children and
22% of Hispanic children could say the same
Sobre 70% of Asian American children lived in a household with a parent who graduated from college — the highest of any race or ethnicity.
Other schools have gotten rid of legacy preferences, también
While Colorado may be the first state to ban legacy preferences, some institutions have already taken the lead.
Universidad Johns Hopkins drew attention last year when it announced it had officially eliminated legacy status as a factor in admissions
The Massachusetts Institute of Technology
, California Institute of Technology
, la University of California
, la University of Georgia
y Texas A&Universidad M are among other institutions that do not employ legacy preferences
Many colleges and universities have come to see legacy preferences as a source of alumni donations. But research suggests that might not be the case.
A estudio published in the
2010 libro “Affirmative Action for the Rich
: Legacy Preferences in College Admissions
” found that across the U.S
. Noticias & World Report’s ranking of top
100 national universities
, there was
“no statistically significant evidence that legacy preferences impact total alumni giving.
About three-fourths of the schools on the U.S
. Noticias & World Report ranking of top
100 national universities use legacy preference in admissions
, Kahlenberg wrote
en un 2018 letter to lawmakers
. Virtually all of the nation’s top
100 liberal arts colleges do
, Es extraño diferenciar los estados 'azules' y 'rojos' por el partido del gobernador.
Dado que a majority of Americans attend colleges and universities that admit most of the students who apply
, the issue of legacy preferences
— which pertains largely just to the nation’s most elite higher education institutions
— may seem niche
But alumni of selective schools disproportionately make up the nation’s leadership class, Kahlenberg said, and also tend to have higher earning potential.
“It does matter who attends selective colleges, because it can put students on an entirely different trajectory and life,” él dijo.