总体, the difference in life expectancy between men and women grew in 2020, with women expected to live nearly six years longer than men: 79.9 年份, 和....相比 74.2 年份.
Covid-19 was the third leading cause of death overall, accounting for more than 10% of all deaths in 2020. Final death data from the CDC shows that Covid-19 was the underlying cause of death for 350,831 人们在 2020.
Experts say the racial and ethnic disparities in death rate increases reflect those seen in Covid-19 outcomes.
For Dr. Steven Woolf, director emeritus of Virginia Commonwealth University’s Center on Society and Health, who has published research on recent life expectancy trends, the inequity is “jolting.”
“We see it time and time again, one generation after the next,” Woolf told CNN. “As a doctor, there’s no logical reason a person should be more likely to die from a virus because of their skin color. It’s totally a product of what society has done.”
Breakouts of life expectancy data for racial and ethnic groups will be available soon, once records are more completely linked, Bob Anderson, chief mortality statistician for the CDC, 告诉CNN. But Covid-19 disproportionately affected a much younger group of people in the Hispanic and Black population, which will have an outsized effect on life expectancy for those groups.
“Changes in mortality at a younger age have a larger impact on life expectancy. There’s so much more potential life to be lived at younger ages,” Anderson said.
Heart disease and cancer remained the top causes of death in 2020 和, together with Covid-19, accounted for about half of all deaths in the US for the year.
Other leading causes include unintentional injuries, 中风, chronic lower respiratory diseases, Alzheimer’s disease, 糖尿病, influenza and pneumonia, and kidney disease.
Death rates for most of these top causes were higher in 2020 比在 2019, with a nearly 15% increase in death rates for diabetes and nearly 17% for unintentional injuries, which includes drug overdose deaths.
Preliminary data published by the CDC showed that drug overdose deaths topped 100,000 annually for the first time ever during the 12-month period ending April 2021.
And while diabetes deaths have been increasing slightly over the past decade, it hasn’t been nearly as dramatic as the latest increase.
Anderson said it’s hard to know exactly what’s driving that, but it’s likely that Covid-19 played a role.
“We know people with diabetes are more susceptible to more severe disease, and some of that increase could be Covid deaths that weren’t detected,” 他说. “More likely with diabetes, 虽然, the increase is probably more from foregone care: people not seeing their doctors or getting the care they need during pandemic.”
事实上, Woolf says that a large portion of 2020’s elevated death rate was related directly or indirectly to Covid-19.
Some deaths may have been attributed to conditions that Covid-19 exacerbated, and many others were due to limited access to health care during the pandemic, 他说 — like those situations in which patients were fearful to call 911 during an emergency such as a heart attack or stroke, those where maintenance of chronic illnesses like diabetes lapsed or those where mental health crisis were exacerbated by stress or isolation.
“As large as that share was in 2020, (它的) going to be larger in 2021,” Woolf said. “The share of deaths that could have been prevented in 2021 is going to be enormous.”
Death rates increased for each age group 15 years and older in 2020, according to the CDC data, and life expectancy was revised down from preliminary estimates.
But infant mortality rates reached a record low. 大约有 542 deaths per 100,000 live births in 2020, down about 3% 从 2019.