Anti-rape and women’s rights activist Yogita Bhayana said Friday’s case in Mumbai had
“shaken the nation once again
” because it was
” to the notorious rape and murder of 23-year-old student Nirbhaya in New Delhi in
Nirbhaya — a pseudonym given to the victim, meaning “fearless” — was raped and assaulted with iron rods, 根据法院文件, and suffered horrific injuries. She died two weeks after the attack in a Singapore hospital.
Her death cast a spotlight on sexual assault in India, and increased scrutiny on crimes against women. The case marked a turning point in the country, and galvanized millions of women to protest for tougher laws on sexual assault.
“After Nirbhaya, we thought things would change but we keep hearing of (强奸) cases every single day. Not a single day goes by where we don’t hear of one,” Bhayana said. “As activists, we push and probe the government and nation so much, but when we hear of such brutality, we really feel so helpless. I have no words to describe it.”
Uddhav Thackeray, the Chief Minister of Maharashtra, of which Mumbai is the capital city, expressed his shock at the “dreadful” 事件.
“The heinous crime that took place in Saki Naka is a disgrace to humanity
,” Thackeray 发推文
星期六, adding that the case will be fast-tracked
, and the culprit will be
India’s rape crisis
According to the latest available figures from India’s National Crime Records Bureau
, 多于 32,000 cases of alleged rape against women were reported in
2019 — one roughly every
17 分钟. But activists believe the real figure is much higher
, as many go unreported out of fear
The number of reported rapes has risen since Nirbhaya’s death, potentially because of a greater awareness surrounding the issue. Experts say the outrage has helped to lift the shame around discussing rape.
Legal reforms and more severe penalties for rape were introduced in the aftermath. These include fast-tracking courts to move rape cases through the justice system swiftly, an amended definition of rape to include anal and oral penetration, and the introduction of new guidelines to do away with the two-finger test — which purportedly assessed whether a woman had sexual intercourse.
然而, high-profile rape cases continue to make headlines
. 在八月, four men were charged with the alleged rape and murder of a 9-year-old girl in New Delhi
. The girl belonged to the country’s Dalit community
, the most oppressed in Hinduism’s caste-based hierarchy
在一月, 一个 Hindu priest and two of his male followers were arrested for the alleged gang-rape and murder of a 50-year-woman in the northern state of Uttar Pradesh
. In September last year
, the alleged gang rape and death of a 19-year-old Dalit woman in Uttar Pradesh sparked protests across the country
Bhayana, the activist, urged the nation work together to ensure Indian women are protected.
“As a nation, we must think of where we stand right now,” 她说. “It has been almost 10 years since Nirbhaya, but things are still the same. We need to work collectively otherwise nothing will change.