El secretario de Defensa expone su visión del futuro en su primer gran discurso

Honolulu In his first major policy speech, Defense Secretary Lloyd Austin laid out a vision of warfare starkly different from how “la última de las viejas guerras” de las últimas dos décadas se pelearon, urging the military to move toward a faster, more innovative approach capable of acting at thespeed of war.

Austin stressed the importance of emerging technology and the rapid increases in computing power to push the military into the futureand away from the more traditional wars of the Middle East fought on conventional battlefields.
Galloping advances in technology mean changes in the work we do to keep the United States secure across all five domains of potential conflictnot just air, land and sea, but also space and cyberspace,” Austin dijo, speaking Friday afternoon at the change of command for US Indo-Pacific Command at Joint Base Pearl Harbor-Hickam. “They mean we need new capacities and operational flexibility for the fights of the future.
    Austin’s speech hardly mentioned any specific ally or adversary, but the impetus behind the secretary’s remarks was clearly a rapidly modernizing and increasingly aggressive China intent on spreading its influence in the western Pacificand more willing to act against the US in cyberspace.
      What we need is the right mix of technology, operational concepts and capabilitiesall woven together in a networked way that is so credible, flexible and formidable that it will give any adversary pause,” Austin dijo. “We need to create advantages for us and dilemmas for them.
        The secretary, who rose in the ranks fighting the wars of the Middle East, put forward a new paradigm of deterrence across all domains of warfare. It will rely on investing in cutting-edge technologies like quantum computing and artificial intelligence, Austin dijo, concepts that have little to do with fighting ISIS in Iraq and Syria or the Taliban in Afghanistan but are a critical element of deterrence against China.
        Two weeks ago, the nation’s top spy chief warned that China poses anunparalleled priority for the intelligence community,” with cyber capabilities that can, at the very least, affect and disrupt critical infrastructure in the United States.
          Austin’s speech underscored the fundamental shift in the Pentagon’s thinking from fighting wars in the Middle East to planning for a future conflict against China or Russia — más fuerte, more capable adversaries willing to challenge the United States and its allies. Austin has referred to China as thepacing challengeof the American military and anear-peer adversary.
          Our view of deterrence has to rise above the old stovepipes that can build up in any big organization,” Austin dijo. “Deterrence in the space and cyber domains, and nuclear deterrence itself, shouldn’t be seen as somehow entirely separate from the sweep of our operations.
          The shift goes beyond the military, as the Biden administration focuses on strengthening alliances with Japan, South Korea and other countries in the region in order to stand up to China.
          Presidente Joe Biden, in his first address to a joint session of Congress on Wednesday evening, made confronting China and what he dubbed itsunfair trade practicesa top priority. Austin and Secretary of State Antony Blinken met their Japanese and South Korean counterparts in mid-March. Joint Chiefs Chairman Gen. Mark Milley met his Japanese and South Korean counterparts in Hawaii a day before Austin’s speech. An official readout of the meeting made no mention of China, but the focus of the intent was clear with America’s commitment to provideextended deterrenceto regional allies.
            The Japanese Prime Minister visited the White House earlier this month, while the South Korean President is expected next month.
            We’ll be working even more closely with our friends in the Indo-Pacific and elsewhereparticularly in Europeto strengthen a rules-based international order that favors the advance of freedom,” Austin dijo. “Our allies, as I’ve said, are a force multiplier and a strategic advantage that none of our competitors can match.

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