Department of Veterans Affairs Fast Facts

事实

有 17.4 million veterans in the United States, 根据 most recent statistics from the US Census.
More than nine million veterans are served each year by the Department of Veterans Affairs.
    Health care facilities are made up of 1,074 outpatient sites and 170 VA Medical Centers.
    美国总统唐纳德·特朗普 requested an appropriation of $ 243.3 十亿 for the department in the 2021 预算, 一个 10.2% increase over 2020.

    时间线

    1789 – The new US government passes legislation ensuring pensions for disabled Revolutionary War veterans.
    1812 – The Naval Home, a facility for disabled veterans, opens in Philadelphia.
    1833 – Congress establishes the Bureau of Pensions to assist veterans.
    1862 – During the Civil War, Congress passes a bill allowing the president to purchase land for national cemeteries. 之间 1865 和 1870, 70 national cemeteries open for burial of Union soldiers.
    1865 – At the end of the Civil War, 有 1.9 million Union veterans. Congress authorizes the National Asylum of Disabled Volunteer Soldiers, a system of residences for disabled and indigent veterans.
    1912 – Congress passes the Sherwood Act, guaranteeing pensions for Union veterans of the Civil War and veterans of the Mexican-American War, regardless of their health.
    1924 – Congress passes the World War Adjustment Compensation Act, a system of bonuses for veterans of World War I. Any veteran entitled to more than $ 50 is given a certificate payable 20 years in the future and worth about $ 1,500.
    七月 21, 1930 – US President Herbert Hoover signs an executive order consolidating the VeteransBureau, the Bureau of Pensions and the National Homes for Disabled Volunteer Soldiers into the Veterans Administration. The VA has a budget of $ 786 million and serves 4.6 million veterans.
    1931-1941 – The VA builds 27 new hospitals, bringing the total to 91.
    1932 – During the Great Depression, thousands of World War I veterans march on Washington, DC to demand payment of their bonuses. After the marchers are forcibly removed, the VA pays their transportation costs home. Congress authorizes early payment of the bonuses in 1936.
    1933 – The VA establishes the Board of VeteransAppeals.
    六月 22, 1944 – During World War II, US President Franklin Roosevelt signs into law the Servicemen’s Readjustment Act, 也称为 “G.I. Bill of Rights,a package of education benefits, federally guaranteed loans and unemployment compensation.
    1945 – At the end of World War II, there are approximately 15 million veterans in the United States, and all 97 VA hospitals are filled to capacity. 作为回应, the VA opens 54 new hospitals over the next five years.
    1958 – Congress pardons Confederate service members and extends benefits to the one remaining survivor.
    1973 – The VA takes over the administration of the National Cemetery System, with the exception of 阿灵顿国家公墓 and the Soldier’s Home National Cemetery.
    1979 – Congress orders the VA to study the effects on veterans of the Agent Orange defoliant used in 越南.
    1983 – The Agent Orange study is transferred to the Centers for Disease Control.
    1984 – US President Ronald Reagan signs a bill requiring the VA to pay benefits to Vietnam veterans suffering from chloracne or porphyria cutanea tarda, possibly caused by Agent Orange exposure.
    1988 – The US Court of Appeals for Veterans Claims is founded. It gives those who served in the military a chance to challenge individual decisions made by the Department of Veterans Affairs.
    游行 15, 1989 – Pres. Reagan signs legislation elevating the Veterans Administration to cabinet status, and renaming it the Department of Veterans Affairs.
    1991 – US President George H.W. 衬套 signs into law a bill compensating Vietnam veterans exposed to Agent Orange and suffering from non-Hodgkinslymphoma or soft tissue sarcoma.
    游行 1991 – The VA orders Veterans Affairs Medical Center, 在芝加哥, to stop performing vascular and orthopedic surgeries after the deaths of more than 40 patients in 1989 和 1990. After a review of the cases, the VA accepts responsibility for the deaths of eight patients.
    1996 – 美国总统克林顿 orders the VA to provide benefits to Vietnam veterans who develop prostate cancer or peripheral neuropathy after a National Academy of Sciences report suggests there is a link between those diseases and Agent Orange exposure.
    2006 – Two teens steal a laptop computer and external hard drive containing the personal information of approximately 26 million veterans from the home of a VA data analyst. The laptop and hard drive are later recovered and FBI testing suggests that the data was never accessed. 在 2009, the VA pays $ 20 million to settle a class action lawsuit brought by veterans.
    二月 2009 – The VA notifies more than 6,000 patients who went to the Alvin C. York VA Medical Center in Murfreesboro, 田纳西州, that they may have been exposed to infectious diseases at the clinic due to contaminated endoscopic equipment.
    二月 2009 – The Charlie Norwood VA Medical Center in Augusta, 佐治亚州, notifies more than 1,200 people that they may have been treated with contaminated equipment.
    游行 2009 – The VA sends letters to more than 3,000 people who may have had colonoscopies at VA facilities in Miami, warning that they may have been exposed to hepatitis and HIV. According to hospital officials, a review of safety procedures found that tubing used in endoscope procedures was rinsed but not disinfected.
    2010 – The VA notifies more than 1,800 veterans treated at the John Cochran VA hospital in St. Louis that they may have been exposed to infectious diseases during dental procedures.
    七月 2010 – The VA unveils new regulations making it easier for men and women who served in the armed forces to receive benefits for post-traumatic stress disorder. Under the new rules a veteran only needs to demonstrate that he or she served in a war and performed a job during which events could have happened that could cause the disorder.
    十一月 2010 – The VA announces that it will cover disability compensation for an additional three diseases linked to Agent Orange exposure among Vietnam veterans. They are hairy cell leukemia, Parkinson’s disease and ischemic heart disease.
    2011 – Nine Ohio veterans test positive for hepatitis after routine dental work at a VA clinic in Dayton, 俄亥俄. A dentist at the VA medical center there acknowledged not washing his hands or even changing gloves between patients for 18 年份.
    十一月 2013 – A CNN investigation shows that veterans are dying because of long waits and delayed care at US veterans hospitals. The VA has confirmed six deaths tied to delays at the Williams Jennings Bryan Dorn Veterans Medical Center in Columbia, 南卡罗来纳.
    一月 30, 2014 – CNN reports that at least 19 veterans have died because of delays in simple medical screenings like colonoscopies or endoscopies, at various VA hospitals or clinics. This is according to an internal document from the US Department of Veterans Affairs, obtained exclusively by CNN, that deals with patients diagnosed with cancer in 2010 和 2011.
    四月 2014 – Retired VA physician Dr. Sam Foote tells CNN that the Phoenix Veterans Affairs Health Care system maintained a secret list of patient appointments, designed to hide the fact that patients were waiting months to be seen. 至少 40 patients died while waiting for appointments, according to Foote, though it is not clear they were all on secret lists.
    可能 9, 2014 – The scheduling scandal widens as a Cheyenne, 怀俄明州, VA employee is placed on administrative leave after an email surfaces in which the employee discussesgaming the system a bitto manipulate waiting times. The suspension comes a day after a scheduling clerk in San Antonio admitted tocooking the booksto shorten apparent waiting times. 三天后, two employees in Durham, 北卡罗来纳, are placed on leave over similar allegations.
    可能 20, 2014 – The VA’s Office of the Inspector General announces it is investigating 26 agency facilities for allegations of doctored waiting times.
    可能 28, 2014 – A preliminary report by the VA’s inspector general indicates at least 1,700 veterans waiting to see a doctor were never scheduled for an appointment and were never placed on a wait list at the Veterans Affairs medical center in Phoenix.
    可能 30, 2014 – VA Secretary Eric Shinseki resigns.
    六月 9, 2014 – The Department of Veterans Affairs releases the results of an internal audit of hundreds of Veterans Affairs facilities. It reveals that 63,869 veterans enrolled in the VA health care system in the past 10 years have yet to be seen for an appointment.
    六月 23, 2014 – In a scathing letter and report sent to the White House, the US Office of Special Counsel (OSC) expresses concern that the VA hasn’t adequately addressed whistleblower complaints of wrongdoing. The report also slams the VA’s medical review agency, the Office of the Medical Inspector (OMI), for its refusal to admit that lapses in care have affected veterans’ 健康.
    六月 24, 2014 – A report issued by Sen. Tom Coburn’s office finds that 多于 1,000 veterans may have died in the last decade because of malpractice or lack of care from VA medical centers.
    六月 24, 2014 – Pauline DeWenter, a scheduling clerk at the Phoenix VA, tells CNN that records of dead veterans were changed or physically altered, some even in recent weeks, to hide how many people died while waiting for care at the Phoenix VA hospital.
    七月 29, 2014 – The US Senate confirms Robert McDonald as the new Veterans Affairs secretary.
    八月 26, 2014 – The VA office of the Inspector General releases a report on delays at the Phoenix VA health care system. The study looked at more than 3,000 cases and found that dozens of veterans hadclinically significantdelays in care, and six of them died. The report says investigators could not conclusively link their deaths to those delays.
    十一月 10, 2014 – Secretary McDonald announces the VA has takendisciplinary actionagainst 5,600 employees in the last year, and more firings will follow. Beyond sacking officials that don’t meet the VA’s values, McDonald says the reforms will include the establishment of a VA-wide customer service office to understand and respond to veteran needs, new partnerships with private organizations and other reorganizations to simplify the department’s structure.
    十一月 13, 2014 – The VA announces it has fired Terry Gerigk Wolf, the director of the Pittsburgh VA Healthcare System, 对于 “conduct unbecoming of a senior executive and wasteful spending.An outbreak of Legionnaire’s disease in 2011 和 2012 killed six veterans at the facility.
    十一月 24, 2014 – Sharon Helman, the head of the Phoenix VA, is fired. She was put on administrative leave following a CNN interview in April, in which she denied the existence of a secret list used to cover up delays in patient care.
    十二月 15, 2014 – The VA Inspector General releases a report that indicates a VA fact sheet contained misleading information, overstating the scope of its review of unresolved cases. The VA claims that it reviewed cases dating back to 1999 but it only examined cases dating back to 2007. The inspector general also questions how the VA resolved an issue with delayed appointments. The VA reported that it reduced the number of appointments delayed more than 90 天, 从 2 百万至 300,000, but did not provide paperwork detailing whether the appointments were canceled or if the patients received treatment, according to the inspector general.
    游行 10, 2015 – CNN reports that more than 1,600 veterans waited between 60 和 90 days for appointments at facilities operated by the VA Greater Los Angeles Healthcare System. 关于 400 veterans waited six months for an appointment, according to documents provided to CNN. The average wait time, according to documents dated January 15, 2015, 原为 48 天.
    九月 2, 2015 – The VA Inspector General releases a review of alleged mismanagement at the VA’s Health Eligibility Center. According to the review, 多于 307,000 deceased veterans were listed as enrollees with pending VA applications. The inspector general calculated that about 35% of all pending records were for deceased veterans. CNN reports that many of the deceased veterans may have died while awaiting treatment.
    十二月 2016 – The VA sends letters to 592 people who may have been exposed to HIV, and hepatitis B and C while receiving dental care at the Tomah VA Medical Center in Wisconsin. Hospital officials report that a dentist at the center, hired in October of 2015, improperly re-used his own dental equipment instead of using the sterilized, disposable tools as VA rules require.
    二月 13, 2017 – The US Senate confirms David J. Shulkin as the new secretary of Veterans Affairs.
    六月 23, 2017 – Trump signs into law the Department of Veterans Affairs Accountability and Whistleblower Protection Act of 2017. It gives department leaders the ability to fire inept employees and protect those who uncover and report wrongdoing.
    四月 26, 2018 – Jackson releases a statement that he has withdrawn his name from nomination to lead the Department. He says that any allegations of improper behavior against him are false, but have become a distractionfor Trump and his agenda.
      八月 21, 2019 – Trump signs a presidential memoranda to automatically forgive federal student loan debt for totally and permanently disabled veterans. A program to identify those veterans, initiated April 2018, required veterans to apply for loan forgiveness.
      九月 14, 2020 The VA announces that roughly 46,000 veterans had their personal information, including Social Security numbers, exposed in a data breach 在其中 “unauthorized usersgained access to an online application used for making health care payments.

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