Dinosaurs are colossal beings that shaped our childhood. Psychologists share why they capture kids' hearts

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James Kirkland picked up his first dinosaur toy when he was 5 years old in 1959. He remembers it like it was yesterday.

Little did he know then that his love of dinosaurs would lead to a career as a paleontologist. Since the day his father brought home a special gift for hima toy dinosaur setafter a business trip, Kirkland has spent nearly 50 years traveling the world unearthing fossils.
Every time I find something new, it’s just as exciting as the first time,” said Kirkland, state paleontologist of Utah with the Utah Geological Survey.
    Many children develop a love of dinosaurs at an early age, but most of the time, they don’t become world-renowned paleontologists. 代わりに, it wanes, 博士は言った. Arthur Lavin, chair of the American Academy of Pediatrics committee on the Psychosocial Aspects of Child and Family Health.
      James Kirkland loved dinosaurs from an early age.

      Creating the ‘selfthrough dinosaurs

        Kids ages 3 に 4 go through a period of hyperfixation, which Lavin calledimagination-based play,” where they become deeply interested in subjects like fairies, monsters, or in some cases, dinosaurs.
        When babies are born, they aren’t aware they exist for the first three months, 彼は言った. For the first year, there’s no clearly defined sense ofself,” Lavin noted.
          周りに 18 months old to 3 年, children begin developing their sense of self but are still confused about the world around them, 彼は言った.
          It’s why we call them the terrible twos because they know things aren’t the way they want them, but they’re not sure how they want them,” or how to get them the way they want, Lavin said.
          年齢で 3, they begin to master this sense that they’re in the world, and they want to try out ideas, 彼は言った.
          Children then embark on this journey of creating this thing calledself,” and one of the ways they do that is to make up stuff in the world they’ve created, Lavin explained.

          Dinosaurs fit into an imaginary play

          Dinosaurs fit into their make-believe world because there aren’t any alive today, so they’re sort of like unicorns and fairies, 彼は言った.
          If you’re going to have a make-believe world, which fits into this very powerful sense of developing a sense of self, dinosaurs really fit the bill,” Lavin said.
          Some children with a keen interest in the extinct animals can recite complicated dinosaur names and facts from memory, which was a pastime for Kirkland.
          I’d be going down the street, and a neighbor who’s having a barbeque would call me over and say, ‘You got to ask Jamie about dinosaurs,'” 彼は言った.
          Learning advanced words at 3 そして 4 years old is part of the natural development process, said Eli Lebowitz, associate professor in the Child Study Center at the Yale School of Medicine in New Haven, コネチカット.
          While it might be a challenge for adults to remember the names of a dozen different dinosaur species, it’s easier for young children because they’re developing language skills and learning new words every day, 彼は言った.

          The power of play

          Playing as a young child is also extremely beneficial to a child’s development and should be encouraged by adults in their life, による American Academy of Pediatrics.
          Children who participate in playing see improvements in a variety of areas, including language, social development and early math skills.
          Adults also benefit when they play with their child, according to the AAP research.
          When adults engage in activities with their children, they can see the world through the eyes of a child and therefore communicate with children more effectively. Parents may also feel less stress from their parent-child relationship, the research found.
          If parents have a child who loves dinosaurs, Lebowitz recommended they embrace the interest. Visit a dinosaur museum, read books about dinosaurs or explore a nearby park for fossils.
          Harness the child’s interest as a launchpad for a whole lot of different kinds of experiences and learning, even into additional topics,” Lebowitz said.

          When reality sets in

          Most children lose interest in dinosaurs and their make-believe world around ages 5 または 6, Lavin said.
          The fantasy attraction of dinosaurs fades away, and children turn their attention to design a reality they want using the skills they learned while creating a make-believe one, 彼は言った.
          Expanding social circles can also contribute to a decline in interest, Lebowitz said.
          で 3 そして 4 年, children care about themselves and their immediate family, but as they grow, they become interested in others and how to get along with them, 彼は言った.
          While their parent may be patiently willing to talk about dinosaurs ad nauseum, it’s very likely that other people will be less so,” Lebowitz said.
          The magic of dinosaurs fades for many, but not all, Lavin said.
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          Some kids like the taste of that make-believe world of dinosaurs, and they never give it up,” 彼は言った.
          That can lead to research on how dinosaurs get sick (just like us), reproduce (not quite like us) and fly (definitely not like us). As Kirkland became an adult, his love of dinosaurs only grew stronger.
          He currently promotes dinosaur tourism in Utah, helps regulate fossil excavations and works with other countries on identifying dinosaur bones.
          Understanding the history of our planet is very worthwhile, but getting kids interested in science is priceless,” Kirkland said.
          If your children are excited about dinosaurs, here are some resources to support their interest.
          Dinosaur resources:
          American Museum of Natural HistoryDinosaurs
          American Museum of Natural HistoryPaleontology for Kids
          American Museum of Natural HistoryEducational activities
          Natural History MuseumDinosaur activities for families
          Paleontology Education Resources compiled by Ashley Hall, outreach program manager at Museum of the Rockies in Bozeman, モンタナ.
          Where to see fossils:
          Dinosaur Ridge in Colorado
          Dinosaur National Monument in Colorado and Utah
            Ancient Odysseyjoin a paleontology dig at sites around the world