모든 종류의 차별은 젊은이들에게 정신적, 행동적 문제의 훨씬 더 높은 위험을 초래할 수 있습니다., 연구 결과

자신의 신체에 대한 차별을 경험하는 청년들, 경주, 연령이나 성별은 그렇지 않은 사람들보다 정신 건강 문제를 다룰 위험이 더 큽니다., 새로운 연구가 발견되었습니다.

차별에 직면 — especially racismhas long been associated with negative effects on overall well-being, such as higher levels of stress, poor cognitive function, anxiety, depression and substance use, previous studies have found.
Those who faced discrimination frequentlyat least a few times per monthwere around 25% more likely to be diagnosed with a mental disorder and twice as likely to develop severe psychological distress than people who didn’t experience discrimination or did less often, 에 따르면 a study published Monday in the journal Pediatrics.
    Having dealt with any degree of discrimination was linked with a 26% higher risk for having poor overall health, according to the participantsresponses. Often experiencing discrimination wasn’t strongly associated with binge drinking but was linked with more use of drugs such as amphetamines, 삼, tranquilizers, barbiturates or cocaine in the last year without a doctor’s prescription.
      The authors analyzed a decade’s worth of data from 1,834 American participants who had reported details about their mental and behavioral health and discrimination from when they were age 18 에 2007 to age 28 에 2017. In this study, discrimination referred toperceivedinterpersonal discrimination, defined asthe behavior of individual members of one group that is intended to have a harmful effect on the members of another group,” 저자는 썼다. This differs from institutional and structural discrimination, which can influence and reinforce discrimination between individuals.
        The participants answered questions about how often they were treated with less courtesy; given poorer service; or treated as if they were stupid, 무서운, dishonest or inferior. Then they shared whether they attributed the main reason for their experiences to their ancestry, national origin, 인종 또는 민족; 섹스; 나이; height; weight or other physical aspect.
        약 93% of participants said they had experienced discrimination a varying number of times throughout the 10-year study period, the authors foundthis included 91% ...에 94% of each category of adults (하얀, 검정, Hispanic or Latinx, 아시아 사람, native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander, American Indian, Alaska Native and other Indigenous peoples). Ageism was the highest reported reason for discrimination, followed by physical appearance, sexism and racism.
          Before this study, researchers had still been looking into the impact of discrimination over time and at specific developmental periods, such as when someone transitions into adulthood between ages 18 과 28, 저자는 썼다. The study is the first to focus on the transition to adulthood and follow the same group of adults over time, according to the authors.
          “와 75% of all lifetime mental health disorders presenting by age 24, the transition to adulthood is a crucial time to prevent mental and behavioral health problems,” said Yvonne Lei, the study’s corresponding author and a medical student at the University of California, 천사들’ David Geffen School of Medicine, 에 진술.
          The findings mirror the clinical experiences of psychologist John Duffy and his colleagues, said Duffy, who wasn’t involved in the study.
          The more a young person is discriminated against, the more likely they will experience emotional difficulties including depression, anxiety, self-esteem issues and even suicidal ideation,” said Duffy, who specializes in work with teens, 부모님, 부부와 가족, and wrote the book불안의 시대에 새로운 십대 양육.” “I also find that, as the study concludes, substance use tends to increase with discrimination experienced.

          How discrimination could impact one’s health

          A person’s stress response to mistreatment could be the way discrimination affects health, the researchers suggested.
          Black women who were participants of a 갈라진 2020 연구 and often experienced racism including racial slurs, poor store service or stereotyping had 2.75 times the risk of poor subjective cognitive functioning than women who had faced less racism. Cognitive function is a person’s mental capacity for learning, thinking, reasoning, problem-solving, decision-making, remembering and paying attention.
          The associations we found are likely also intertwined with mental health care service disparitiesincluding inequities in care access, provider biases and structural and institutional discrimination in health careleading to inequities in diagnoses, treatment and outcomes,” said the study’s senior author Dr. Adam Schickedanz, an assistant professor of pediatrics at UCLA’s Geffen School of Medicine, 에 진술.
          Many people who face discrimination already feel some insecurity about the issue, whether it’s gender, 경주, age or appearance, 더피가 말했다. “This compounds the damage to the psyche, as the discrimination can serve to confirm a bias the victim already holds about his or her worth.
          추가로, sex or gender, 경주, age and appearance all have one thing in common: They’re outside the mistreated person’s control, so they can’t change them nor hide from them, 어느 한 쪽, 더피가 말했다.
          And the type of ageism young adults experience depends on their age. Ageism toward younger people might look like disrespecting their opinions due to their lack of experience, Duffy said in an email. “For those in the 18-21 range or so, they feel as if they have learned a lot, and have access to far more data and information than previous generations did at that age. They also feel they are more discerning, so having their ideas and thoughts disrespected or dismissed is particularly difficult for them.
          반면에, adults between ages 25 과 28 might be discriminated against in a way that makes them feel too old to be attractive or to be successful if they haven’t accomplished career goals, 그는 덧붙였다. “Discrimination in this direction diminishes their sense of hope for the future.
          Appearance discrimination can lower people’s self-esteem, said Ann Kearney-Cooke, a psychologist who specializes in body image and eating disorders and wasn’t involved in the study.
            If you’re struggling with such mistreatment, Kearney-Cooke recommended focusing on your signature strengths and choices that make you feel good about yourself.
            Don’t let people make you feel uncomfortable or like you’re not good enough,” 그녀가 말했다. “I encourage people to be with people who aren’t like that. Sometimes we can’t have control with our family or job, but really think about who you surround yourself with.

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