La Terra lo è 2,000 anni luce più vicino al buco nero supermassiccio al centro della nostra galassia di quanto pensassimo

Una nuova mappa della Via Lattea da esperti spaziali giapponesi ha messo la Terra 2,000 anni luce più vicino al buco nero supermassiccio al centro della nostra galassia.

Questa mappa ha suggerito che il centro della Via Lattea, and the black hole which sits there, is located 25,800 anni luce dalla Terra. This is closer than the official value of 27,700 light-years adopted by the International Astronomical Union in 1985, ha detto il comunicato.
Cosa c'è di più, according to the map, our solar system is traveling at 227 kilometers per second as it orbits around the galactic centerthis is faster than the official value of 220 kilometers per second, the release added.
These updated values are a result of more than 15 years of observations by the Japanese radio astronomy project VERA, secondo un annuncio rilasciato Thursday from the National Observatory of Japan. VERA is short for VLBI Exploration of Radio Astrometry and refers to the mission’s array of telescopes, which use Very Long Baseline Interferometry to explore the three-dimensional structure of the Milky Way.
    Because the Earth is located inside the Milky Way, it’s difficult to step back and see what the galaxy looks like. To get around this, the project used astrometry, the accurate measurement of the position and motion of objects, to understand the overall structure of the Milky Way and Earth’s place in it.
    The black hole is known as Sagittarius A* or Sgr A* and is 4.2 million times more massive than our sun. The supermassive hole and its enormous gravitational field governs the orbits of stars at the center of the Milky Way. Reinhard Genzel and Andrea Ghez earned the 2020 Nobel prize for physics for its discovery. There are several types of black holes, and scientists believe the supermassive ones may be connected to the formation of galaxies, as they often exist at the center of the massive star systemsbut it’s still not clear exactly how, or which form first.

    More precise approach

    in agosto, VERA published its first catalog, containing data for 99 celestial objects. Based on this catalog and recent observations by other groups, astronomers constructed a position and velocity map. From this map, the scientists were able to calculate the center of the galaxy, the point that everything revolves around.
      VERA combines data from four radio telescopes across Japan. The observatory said that, when combined, the telescopes were able to achieve a resolution that in theory would allow the astronomers to spot a United States penny placed on the surface of the Moon.
      Per essere chiari, the changes don’t mean Earth is plunging toward the black hole, the observatory said. Piuttosto, the map more accurately identifies where the solar system has been all along.

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