이란의 선거 간섭, 러시아, 중국, 대선 이전 강화

이란의 선거 간섭, 러시아, 중국, 대선 이전 강화

In the wake of the Treasury Department citing “brazen attempts to sow discord” in the U.S. election process by Iran, other nation-state actors are ratcheting up activity in the final week before the election.

Based on recent activity, the three biggest threats are coming from Iran, 러시아, and China, 새로운에 따르면 보고서 by cybersecurity firm Digital Shadows.

IRANIAN ‘COMPONENTS

지난주, 미국. Treasury Department warned about “components” of the Iranian Government, disguised as media outlets, attempting to subvert U.S. democratic processes and influence the election.

FOREIGN HACKERS WHO TARGETED TRUMP, BIDEN CAMPAIGNS ARE TURNING TO MALWARE, GOOGLE SAYS

In early October, the Department of Justice 말했다 Iran’s Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps used fake web domains, masquerading as legitimate news outlets, to influence U.S. domestic and foreign policy.

One of the domains published pseudo articles on President Trump, the Black Lives Matter movement, and police brutality, among other topics, according to Austin Merritt, a Cyber Threat Intelligence Analyst at Digital Shadows.

Four of the domain names, “newsstand7.com,” “usjournal.net,” “usjournal.us,” and “twtoday.net,” were seized pursuant to the Foreign Agents Registration Act (FARA), according to the Justice Department.

RUSSIA’S ‘HACK AND LEAK

Russia is using a variety of tactics, including state-owned traditional media, bots, “hack and leak” operations and cooperation between organized crime groups and Russian government agencies, according to Digital Shadows.

“It’s an orchestrated operation that seems to operate without boundaries, and its lead-conspirators revel in attempts at subverting American democracy,” Merritt wrote.

Operations can be linked to Russia’s Foreign Intelligence Service (SVR) and the Main Directorate of the General Staff of the Armed Forces of the Russian Federation (GRU) but “it’s the well-trained, sophisticated cybercriminals operating on their behalf that push disinformation we might encounter in our social media feeds,” Merritt added.

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CHINA’S SOCIAL MEDIA CAMPAIGNS

올해 초, cybersecurity teams at Twitter and Google spotted a campaign from Chinese cybercriminals that spanned several social media platforms, including Twitter and YouTube, Digital Shadows pointed out.

트위터에서, the compromised accounts spread geopolitical narratives favorable to the Communist Party of China (CCP) and on YouTube, nation-state cybercriminal organizations acquired or hijacked existing accounts, focusing, 예를 들면, on divisive topics such as protests and COVID-19.

In response, Twitter removed more than 170,000 accounts tied to pro-China propaganda.

“The campaign demonstrated how sophisticated foreign actors might take an unconventional approach…by hijacking seemingly legitimate accounts instead of creating their own,” Digital Shadows said.

다른 경우, 페이스 북 removed 위에 150 accounts for violating its policy against foreign or government interference.

The Chinese campaign in this case included activity directed toward the U.S. 2020 선거.

RANSOMWARE NEXT?

There is concern that some of these same cybercriminal organizations may use ransomware to target networks and machines critical in running U.S. 선거, according to Merritt.

“Nation-state attackers have already conducted surveillance operations on infrastructure that could impact the day of the U.S. 선거,”그는 말했다, adding that attacks can hold voter information and election results hostage.

“A ransomware attack could deny access to voter registration data, 선거 결과, and other sensitive information. It could also inhibit access to essential election systems during critical operational periods, such as the date of the election, November 3rd,” according to Merritt.

Another report from research firm Netenrich 말했다 cybercriminals will possibly use the election as an opportunity for monetary gain via ransomware attacks. “These may be used in conjunction with big game hunting (BGH) activities targeting the Presidential candidates.

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