Four parents of transgender boys on the challenges and joys of raising their sons in a world that can be hostile

For over half an hour on a March afternoon, Arkansas legislators, activists and pediatricians outlined reasons why they considered gender-affirming health care dangerous, arguing in support of a bill that would ban transgender minors from accessing that care.

Brandi Evans had two minutes to testify against it.
The mother from Bauxite had listened as proponents of the bill claimed transgender teens like her son are too young to receive hormone therapies, which ​can help trans boys develop sex characteristics that may reduce their gender dysphoria. 一点に, the representative who introduced the bill likened gender confirmation surgery, a treatment that is not part of the standard care for transgender minors, to genital mutilation.
      When it was her turn to appear before the House committee, Evans spoke quickly but stoically, hardly pausing between sentences to make sure she got out every word. She opened with a statement meant to startle.
        If this bill is passed, it could kill my son,” 彼女は言いました.
          In a few words, she told legislators how her 14-year-old son Andrew had lived with severe depression before he started testosterone treatments. She kept next to her a stack of articles printed from academic journals that she said proved how harmful it can be to deny trans youth gender-affirming care. She didn’t once look up at the lawmakers in front of her until she pleaded with them to vote against the bill, for the sake of her son and other trans kids in Arkansas.
          He is now able to live a happy and normal life as his authentic self,” she told lawmakers. “You will be taking that away from him, and it will cause him his imminent death.
          In this April file photo, Andrew Bostad, センター, talks with his mother, Brandi Evans, and stepdad, Jimmy Evans, at their home in Bauxite, アーカンソー.

          Evans had anticipated that the bill would pass. She quickly scheduled a mastectomy for her son. She located a doctor in Louisiana where Andrew could continue his testosterone treatments and an out-of-state pharmacy that could fill his prescriptions. She started raising money with other parents of trans kids to bus them to Louisiana if they couldn’t get the care they needed in their home state.
          請求書, これ became law in April, だった blocked by a federal judge this week — A “huge relief,” Evans told CNN, if a temporary one. She’s not letting her guard down just yet, でも.
          While it would be another out-of-pocket cost, I’d rather pay through the nose,” she said of her child’s health care costs if the bill had remained in effect. “それ [price] pales in comparison to these children’s lives.
          CNN spoke to Evans and three other parents of transgender kids and teens whose lives revolve around advocating for their children in a year when より多い 30 states have introduced legislation that targets trans young people.
          Much of this legislation aims to block trans youthsaccess to school sports, restrooms and health care that ​the American Medical Association has calledmedically necessary,” be it through hormone therapy or medication that temporarily blocks puberty.
          Activism is an organic extension of being parents who would do anything for their childkids who loveMinecraftor gymnastics or bad jokes, not keeping track of the 2021 legislative session.
          It’s exhausting, incessant, heartbreaking work to defend your child’s right to compete in their favorite sport at school or to get hormone therapy that makes them feel more like themselves, the parents saidbut it’s essential to keep going. They’ll fight for their children as long as it takes for all trans people to feel safe and affirmed.

          How they became their child’s loudest advocate

          All four parents said their activism just kind of happened. They wanted to protect their kids, they found groups of likeminded people and spoke out against anti-trans policies. The fact that they were often elevated by national organizations for their advocacy work wasn’t as important as doing the work itself.
          State legislaturesrecent focus on the rights of transgender childreninvolving debates over whether some are too young for gender-affirming health care or whether it’sunfairto cisgender students to compete against trans athletesgave their activism a new urgency, the parents said.
          Evans said she wasthrust onto this national stagewhen she testified against the Arkansas bill (called theSave Adolescents from Experimentation Act”). In the whirlwind few months since her March testimony, she’s been approached by the American Civil Liberties Union and national news outlets that heard her speak.
          I was happy just working in the backgroundthen this happened,” she told CNN with an incredulous laugh. “I’ve always been an ally, but I never thought of myself as an activist.
          Before her son came out, Lizette Trujillo wasdoing all the right things”: She was the first person in her family to attend college. She’d married, had a child and ran a small business. Her life in Tucson, アリゾナ, was her little slice of theAmerican dream,” 彼女は言いました.
          彼女の息子, Danny, told her he was trans around the same time her husband was waiting to receive his citizenship, Trujillo said. It was a stressful time that made her realize how vulnerable her son was to discrimination. After joining a group of fellow parents of trans kids, she grew more outspoken against policies that target trans people, 彼女は言いました.
          It felt really frustrating to be in a space where, ええと, from an intersectional lens [with both trans and Latino identities], you’re always behind in terms of personal success and societal acceptance, 彼女は言いました. “To know that the system doesn’t work in your favorit angered me.
          Anger has played a role in all four parentsefforts to speak out against transphobia. Stephen Chukumba of New Jersey told CNN he’d never considered what it meant to be trans until his son, one of his four children, came out as trans. He quickly caught up on the proper vocabulary and history and learned the myriad ways in which trans Americans have been excluded from society.
          I found myself really incensed by it,” he said of transphobia. “I just can’t sit idly by.
          Amber Briggle would agree. It was rage that spurred the owner of a massage business to alert local media に 2016 to a Facebook post by a candidate for sheriff in Denton County, テキサス, in which he endorsed physical violence against transgender people. 同年, she invited the state attorney general who criticized trans-inclusive policies to her house for dinner with her husband, 娘, and her son, Max, who is trans.
          She may not have changed the attorney general’s mind that night, 彼女は言いました, but her dinner did get the attention of the Human Rights Campaign, with whom she helped create the Parents for Transgender Equality National Council. She did a TEDx Talk, あまりにも, about supporting her son’s transition and started a blog about what it meant to be his mother in a state with hostile policies toward trans people.
          Writing was a release between her visits to the Texas Capitol and regular attendance at protests (especially this year, when the Texas legislature introduced a slew of anti-trans bills) and a way for readers to get to know a trans child — “it’s hard to hate up close,” 彼女は言いました.
          I think activism is equal parts anger and love,” 彼女は言いました. “I just operate from there. You just keep moving. We have no choice.

          Their children are more than their gender identity

          When asked about their children, all four parents are effusive and proud, gushing about their sonsstellar grades and athletic prowess. Their children are resilient and mature beyond their yearsbut beyond the tough front they put on to face the world, they’re just kids, the parents emphasized.
          Trujillo’s only child, Danny, は “super happykid about to turn 14. He drums, he skateboards and he commands a basketball court. It’s been thrilling, 彼女は言いました, to watch him develop his music taste (he just discovered Nirvana) and personal stylethe small but significant pieces that will make him more of who he is.
          Chukumba says that of his four kids, his trans childwhom CNN agreed not to name to protect his privacy is the one who never needs to be told twice to take out the trash or leave the recycling bin at the curb. His son has taught himself the flute, bass, ukulele and piano, Chukumba said. He’s a jokester, あまりにも: The high school freshman will walk into a room, drop adad jokeand wait for the groans to roll in, something he gets from his dad.
          Stephen Chukumba and his four children.

          He is a kind soulhe’s a person who goes out of his way to help other people,” Chukumba said. “When it comes to this particular dude, ええ, I’m riding with this dude ’till the wheels fall off.
          Briggle’s son Max is an accomplished athletehe’s a gymnast and a second-degree black belt in Taekwondo who defies gravity on the regular (he can doa zillion back flips in a row,” 彼女は言いました). He loves his sister so much that he volunteered to continue remote learning to keep her company even after his school reopened because she has a history of respiratory issues, Briggle said. He’s sensitive, friendly, considerate — A “model child,” Briggle said.
          The fact that Max is trans is part of him, but not all of him, his mother said.
          Amber Briggle and her son, Max, share a laugh.

          “[Max] would rather be famous for a million different things than this,” Briggle said. “I want people to see him as this incredible musician slash athlete slash cat lover slash straight-A student.
          Evans said she, あまりにも, wants her son to be recognized for all the things that make him who he is, not just being trans.
          While my child is trans, and he’s put in a box of being a trans person, he’s so much more than that label,” 彼女は言いました. ‘He’s just your average teenage kid trying to navigate adolescence, 学校, 友達 — he’s just an ordinary child.

          How they supported their child before and after they came out

          All four parents unequivocally support their children, though some said they could have been better allies in the beginning of their sonstransition.
          I would say I failed at first, although my kid laughs when I say that,” Trujillo said.
          From the time her son was 2, he showed her in different ways that he was a boy, Trujillo said. He’d draw himself as a boy and leave LEGO figures of boys around the house to hint at the way he saw himself, he told her. When she finally overheard Danny’s friends use “彼” in reference to her son, “all the puzzle pieces fell into place,” 彼女は言いました.
          Danny was 8 when he socially transitioned, and Trujillo immediately affirmed him. Before he formally came out, she said she didn’t see him as trans because she worried that she’d say the wrong thing or damage Danny in some way. But once he transitioned, she realized he knew himself better than she did.
          Briggle said she’d doa million things differentlynow than she did when her son came out. For one thing, 彼女は言いました, he’d beenexpressing that he was a boysince he was 2-and-a-half, but she didn’t understand what he was trying to tell her.
          Max is 13 今, and there are more resources for trans children and their parents than there were when he came out in first grade. Briggle said at the time, she thought she and her husbandwere the only people in the entire world with a transgender child.
          Briggle initially told her family’s story through her lens in her TEDx Talk and on her blog. She’s stopped writing as much from her perspective, instead focusing primarily on Max and his achievements, but she still maintains a level of control so she can protect him. She’ll gladly take the brunt of the online cruelty, 彼女は言いました, while she shows the world how amazing her son is.

          The challenges and joys of being a trans person of color

          Trujillo said her son’s existence sits at multiple intersections. He’s the trans Latino son of an immigrantTrujillo’s husband moved to the US from Mexico as a boyqualities that she fears will expose him to hatred.
          While Trujillo said she tries to shield Danny from the hate so he can focus on school, friends and other 14-year-old stuff, he’s old enough to read up on the offensive things people say about kids like him. He’s old enough to advocate for himself, あまりにも, but when she can, she shoulders that burden for him, 彼女は言いました. The weight of it is nearly crushing.
          It’s exhausting, 教えられるよ,” 彼女は言いました. “I’m tired.
          同時に, でも, Trujillo and her family take pride in their identities.
          When you’re talking about marginalized identities, there’s honestly a lot of joy and pride at existing, 同じように,” Trujillo said. “For as tiresome as it is, when people talk about trans youth being resilient, that’s something I emphasize highlyI see my son and I realize that he’s resilient, as well.
          Chukumba said that, aside from being trans, being Black puts atarget on [his son’s] back.He tries to teach all four of his kids how to live in a world where they may be seen as less than.
          The danger is ever-present,” 彼は言った. “How to navigate that, おもう, becomes a part of how I’m raising my children.
          He does some work to undo those biases and dangers among parents, あまりにも: He joined the Human Rights Campaign’s Parents for Transgender Equality National Council (the group Briggle helped launch) to reach Black parents who’ve struggled to support their trans children, 彼は言った.
          I want to let [Black trans young people] know they’re not alone, there are people out here who understand those struggles, who support them,” 彼は言った.

          How they balance the pain with the positives

          Between the rage and exhaustion of advocating for their trans children, the parents said there is still joy and hope to be found.
          Trujillo said the vigor she sees in today’s trans youthrefuels” 彼女. 彼らは “incredibly brave people, true to themselves,” 彼女は言いました, whose sense of who they are is stronger than hers was when she was Danny’s age.
          It’s easy to break down and become overwhelmed by the stress of protecting her family, Trujillo said, so she works hard to hold onto the happiness when it comes.
          Evans keeps one eye on the futureshe said several times she’ll battle the Arkansas law all the way to the US Supreme Court if she has toand another on her son’s day-to-day wellbeing. She’ll ask him daily how he’s feeling and whether he needs more support than she can give him as his mother.
          It’s just one of those things that I have to keep in the backburner of my mind, that I have to check on him regularly to make sure he’s OK,” 彼女は言いました. “I won’t lose my child to this. I refuse.
          Constantly defending her child before legislators requires Briggle tocompartmentalizeher pain, 彼女は言いました. It would hurt too much to think about the legislators who want to pass a bill that would qualify her consenting to gender-affirming care for Max as child abuse. So it doesn’t interfere with her protests or trips to the Texas Capitol or daily life as a mom, wife and business owner, she keeps it locked away.
          I have not unpacked how traumatized we all are,” she said of her family’s experience.
          Briggle and Evans said they had considered moving out of their states for the sake of their children even before the passage of recent anti-trans bills. しかし、今のところ, they’re staying put, 彼らは言った.
          Evans said she doesn’t have the means to relocate her family. Besides, if her voice and the voices of other trans advocates disappear from Arkansas, she fears no one will take up the mantle.
          Even if we did have the means to do that, I don’t think I would,” 彼女は言いました. “Because if we all pick up and leave, if we all just left the state of Arkansas, [政治家] will do what they want without a fight. What marginalized community are they going to come after next?”
          Briggle said she’d do anything to protect Max, including moving. But it’s almost not worth the hassle, 彼女は言いました, because no matter where her family heads, she fears anti-trans sentiment will follow. Bills that limit the rights of young trans people have been introduced in more than 30 州 this year alone, a number Briggle fears will only increase over time.

          They work toward a safer future for their kids

          Though it’s often exhausting work to protect her child from anti-trans hate, it’s been worth it, Trujillo said. Her son is happy, healthy and thriving.
          The thing that I’m most proud ofmy son has been able to feel it very minimally,” 彼女は言いました. “He’s still able to be a kid, to be himself and enjoy the summer.
          More than anything, Chukumba wants his son to love himself and to look and feel the way he wants to. The teen just started testosterone hormone therapy, Chukumba said, which he sees as a substantial step toward his self-actualization.
          I want him to be the person he sees himself in his head, and I want him to be happy,” 彼は言った. “That’s all any parent would want for their kid.
          Evans is relieved that the Arkansas law is temporarily blocked. There’s still a long way to go, 彼女は言いました, “but this gives [彼女] hope.
          I’ll fight this ’til the end, until the state is taken down in court, whatever level of court they have to go through,” she told CNN in a June interview before the bill was blocked. “It needs to be done and seen through. If we all just pick up and leave, then they won. And I will not let a bully win.
          The four parents who spoke to CNN are some of the public faces of the movement against anti-trans legislation, but they emphasized that any parent of a trans child is an activist in their own right.
            Parents advocate on behalf of their trans child when they approach their school principal on how to make their child’s classroom welcoming. They defend their child to fellow parents who have questions and to doctors who can provide their children gender-affirming health care. They teach their children that this world is theirs, あまりにも, and they’re trying to make it better for them.
            We are all — 私たち全員 — doing this work,” Briggle said. “I don’t know a single parent of a trans child who would not walk through hell and backfor their child.