French submarine deal snub reflects Australia's need for better technology to counter China

French officials have been in an uproar since Australia dropped the $ 66 billion contract for 12 conventional submarines in favor of a nuclear submarine pact with the United States and 영국. Australian officials, who had expressed concerns about budget overruns and delays in the French deal, said the nuclear submarines were a technological necessity to defend the country’s interests.

Australia’s decision to partner with the U.S. and U.K. over France also signaled its strategic view toward China has changedvery dramaticallysince the contract was awarded in 2016, according to Ivo Daalder, who served as U.S. ambassador to NATO from 2009 ...에 2013. Relations with China have deteriorated over Beijing’s handling of the 코로나 바이러스 감염증 -19 : 코로나 19 감염병 세계적 유행, actions in the South China Sea and efforts to control trade in the Pacific.

“솔직히, [호주] wanted to bind the U.S. into the Pacific as well and this is another way to do that,” Daalder told Fox News. “The strategic rationale for going with the UK-U.S. was much more significant than going with the French.

The conventional subs were just not going to do the job,” 그는 덧붙였다.

FRANCE ISSUES ANGRY RESPONSE TO NUCLEAR SUBMARINE DEAL BETWEEN US, 영국, AUSTRALIA

Australia will receive at least eight nuclear-powered submarines in the agreement by 2040. Aside from infuriating France, which will lose billions in expected revenue and $ 1.7 billion in sunk costs, the deal angered China, which ripped the U.S. and Britain for sharing highly sensitive nuclear technology.

Nuclear-powered submarines have several operational advantages over the submarines Australia would have received under the original deal with the French. The U.S.-made vessels can last decades without a need to refuel, have greater range and are more difficult to detect than their conventional counterparts. The French-made vessels were a nuclear submarine design converted to operate as diesel-electric hybrids.

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The delays, that could probably be worked out,” said Garret Martin, co-director of the Transatlantic Policy Center at American University. “But China’s behavior and the economic coercion against Australia and others, 나는 생각한다, created a real sense of urgency and real domestic pressure. (Australia has) a lot of sea coast to defend, and the Pacific Ocean is massive, so having that long range made a big difference for them.

While the accord between Australia, the United States and the United Kingdom was negotiated in secret, Australian Prime Minister Scott Morrison said France was aware his government haddeep and grave concernsthat the conventional submarines would not meet its defense needs.

French officials have pushed back on Australia’s claim, arguing the country’s government gave no public indication that they had misgivings about the submarine contract.

The United States carries more clout in the region and everywhere than France does. On a purely strategic standpoint, that is understandable,” said Ben Haddad, director of the Atlantic Council’s Europe Center. “I think what’s been really frustrating to Paris is that Australians have not been forthcoming about their misgivings and certainly not open about the fact that they were about to turn to another partner.

Public statements suggested the deal was stable as recently as 8월. 30, when French and Australian defense and foreign affairs officials issued joint remarks referring to theimportance of the Future Submarine programand plans tostrengthen military scientific research cooperation.

In this photo provided by U.S. 해군, the Los Angeles-class fast attack submarine USS Oklahoma City (SSN 723) returns to U.S. Naval Base in Guam, 8월. 19, 2021. (Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Naomi Johnson/U.S. Navy via AP)

In this photo provided by U.S. 해군, the Los Angeles-class fast attack submarine USS Oklahoma City (SSN 723) returns to U.S. Naval Base in Guam, 8월. 19, 2021. (Mass Communication Specialist 3rd Class Naomi Johnson/U.S. Navy via AP)

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