Hassan Rouhani Fast Facts

这是生活的一瞥 Iranian President Hassan Rouhani.

个人

出生地: Sorkheh, 伊朗
    出生时的名字: Hassan Feridon
    婚姻: Sahebeh Arabi
    小孩儿: Has four children
    教育: University of Tehran, 乙. A., 1972; Glasgow Caledonian University, 中号. Phil., 1995; Glasgow Caledonian University, Ph.D., 1999
    Religion: Shiite Muslim

    其他事实

    Rouhani is a cleric. His religious title is Hojatoleslam, which is a middle rank in the religious hierarchy.
    Arrested many times in the 1960s and 1970s as a follower of Ayatollah Khomeini.
    Iranian media refers to Rouhani as thediplomat sheik.

    时间线

    1960 – Begins his religious studies at a seminary in Semnan province.
    1977 – Under the threat of arrest, leaves Iran and joins Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini in exile in France.
    1980-2000After the overthrow of the Shah, Rouhani serves five terms in the National Assembly.
    1983-1988 – Member of the Supreme Defense Council.
    1985-1991 – Commander of the Iranian air defenses.
    1988-1989 – Deputy commander of Iran’s Armed Forces.
    1989-1997 – National security adviser to the president.
    1989-2005 – Secretary of the Supreme National Security Council.
    1989-当下 – Represents Supreme Leader Ayatollah Seyyed Ali Khamenei on Iran’s Supreme National Security Council.
    1991-当下 – Member of the country’s Expediency Council.
    1992-2013 – President of the Center for Strategic Research.
    1999-当下 – Member of the Council of Experts, the group that chooses the Supreme Leader.
    2000-2005 – National security adviser to the president.
    2003-2005 – Iran’s chief 谈判者.
    六月 14, 2013 – Wins the presidential election after securing more than 50% 投票.
    九月 19, 2013 – Writes a column in The Washington Post and calls for engagement anda constructive approachto issues such as Iran’s nuclear weapons program.
    九月 25, 2013 – In stark contrast to his predecessor, Rouhani condemns the actions of the Nazis during the Holocaust.
    九月 27, 2013 – Speaks with 奥巴马总统 by telephone, 的 first direct conversation between leaders of Iran and the United States since 1979.
    七月 14, 2015 – After negotiators strike a nuclear deal in Vienna, Rouhani touts the benefits of the agreement on Iranian television, 宣告, Our prayers have come true. The deal calls for restrictions on uranium enrichment and research in exchange for relief from economic sanctions.
    九月 28, 2015 – Rouhani addresses the General Assembly of the United Nations, 说明 “A new chapter has started in Iran’s relations with the world.” 然而, he also says that America and 以色列 are partially responsible for the increase in global terrorism: “If we did not have the US military invasion of Afghanistan and 伊拉克, and the United Statesunwarranted support for the inhumane actions of the Zionist regime against the oppressed nation of Palestine, today the terrorists would not have an excuse for the justification of their crimes.
    九月 22, 2016 – Speaking to global leaders at the 联合国 General Assembly in New York, Rouhani accuses the United States ofa lack of compliance with the nuclear deal agreed between Tehran and world powers in July 2015. Rouhani also attacks the United States for what he describes asillegal actions,” 指的是 US Supreme Court decision in April 2016 to allow US victims of terror to claim nearly $ 2 billion in compensation from Iran’s central bank.
    可能 20, 2017 – Rouhani wins re-election after securing approximately 57% 投票.
    九月 20, 2017 – In a press conference following US President Donald Trump’s speech at the UN General Assembly calling the nuclear deal with Iran an embarrassment to the United States, Rouhani calls for an apology to the people of Iran for the “进攻” comments and “无根据” 指责, including Trump’s assertion that theIranian government masks a corrupt dictatorship behind the false guise of a democracy.
    七月 22, 2018 – Addressing diplomats in Tehran, Rouhani warns the United States that war with Iran would bethe mother of all wars.
    九月 25, 2018 – 在一个 interview with CNN’s Christiane Amanpour, Rouhani says Iran is sticking to the nuclear deal. If the signatories remaining after the United States pulled out aren’tliving up to their commitments,” then Iran will re-evaluate.
    十一月 5, 2018 – In public remarks made during a cabinet meeting, Rouhani says Iran willproudly break” 美国制裁 that went into effect a day earlier. The sanctionsthe second round reimposed after Trump pulled out of the nuclear deal in Maytarget Iran’s oil and gas industries as well as shipping, shipbuilding and banking industries.
    可能 8, 2019 – Rouhani announces that Iran will reduce itscommitmentsto the Joint Comprehensive Plan of Action (联合会) but would not fully withdraw. In a televised speech, Rouhani says Iran will keep its excess enriched uranium and heavy water, rather than sell it to other countries as previously agreed to limit its stockpile.
    七月 3, 2019 – Rouhani announces Iran will begin enriching uranium at a higher level than what is allowed under the JCPOA. He vows to revive work on the Arak heavy-water reactor, which had been suspended under the nuclear deal.
      一月 3, 2020 Qasem Soleimani, leader of the Quds Force unit Islamic Revolutionary Guard Corps since 1988, is killed at Baghdad International Airport in an US airstrike ordered by Trump. Rouhani says the United States committed agrave mistake” 和 “will face the consequences of this criminal act not only today, but also in the coming years.
      一月 11, 2020 Rouhani apologizes to the Ukrainian people after Iran’s armed forces downs a Ukraine International Airlines passenger jet in Tehran, mistaking it for a hostile target. He promises to hold those responsible for the January 8 悲剧 “负责,” according to the readout of a call with Ukraine President Volodymyr Zelensky.

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