Here's a little secret for why Congress gets nothing done


1) 第116届代表大会是过去五年中生产力最低的五个代表大会之一, 根据皮尤的分析. 第116届共通过 344 成为法律的票据, 44% of which were done in the lame-duck session held after the 2020 选举.
2) The 116th Congress produced more than 2.2 million tweets and Facebook posts combined, eclipsing the totals of the 114th Congress by more than 738,000 帖子, again according to Pew.
These two facts are, as you might guess, 有关. And what they reflect is how the incentive structure has changed for elected officials in Washington.
    In the time before social mediaand even cable newsthe goal of every single member of the House or Senate was simple: Build relationships with your colleagues, demonstrate your knowledge of the intricacies of policy, pass bills and, most of all, accrue seniority. The acme of serving in Congress in those days was (through political savvy and years of service) to chair one of the big committees: Appropriations, Ways and Means, Judiciary or, for the foreign-policy focused, Foreign Relations.
    Those committee chairs were treated like demigods; they ruled their fiefdoms with total and complete authority and could not only make or break a specific policy proposal, but also a more junior colleague’s career. That was path to powerwith apologies to Robert Caro — 在华盛顿. The only one.
    The arrival of 24-hour cable news began to change that dynamic. And the surge of social media over the last decade has now fundamentally altered it.
    What those two new(ish) platforms have provided is a way to power and influenceinside and outside of Washingtonthat has nothing to do with how long you’ve served in Congress or what committees you’re on.
    “的 10 members of the million-follower club in the 114th Congress contained no first-term lawmakers. But the members of the 116th Congress who had more than 1 million followers included five first-term lawmakers, as well as nine lawmakers who passed the million-follower mark over the course of the most recent Congress.
    Five members of Congress who were in their first terms — 代表. 亚历山大·奥卡西奥·科尔特斯 (D-New York), 伊尔汗·奥马尔(Ilhan Omar) (D-Minnesota), 和克伦肖 (R-Florida) and Rashida Tlaib (D-Michigan) as well as Sen. 米特·罗姆尼 (犹他州) — all have more than 1 百万粉丝. (罗姆尼, 明显, benefits from his previous high profile as the Republican presidential nominee in 2012.)
    And while some members of congressional leadership have been quick to dismiss those with massive social media followings — “All these people have their public whatever and their Twitter world,” Speaker Nancy Pelosi said in July 2019. “But they didn’t have any following” — there’s absolutely no question that the likes of AOC and Florida Republican Rep. 马特·盖兹 (1.1 百万粉丝)have been able to parley their social media following into real prominence and power.
    AOC is, without question, the face of young liberals in the country. Gaetz has leveraged his willingness to say (and tweet) controversial things into a major national platformas he is regularly featured on conservative talk shows and has become such a hot commodity among pro-Trump people within the party that he is traveling to Wyoming this week to campaign against Rep. 莉兹·切尼.
    Members of Congress see social media then as a way to cut past the traditional path to power. Why spend years making nice with older members and serving as the 14th ranking member of the minority party on the House Appropriations Committee when you could be a weekly guest on Sean Hannity’s primetime show on Fox News and gets thousands of retweets for anything you put on Twitter?
    What the focus on Twitter and Facebook incentivizes is a willingness to take the most extreme stances. It gives priority to the loudest voices in the room, which are not always the smartest voices in the room. And it disincentivizes those not willing to throw rhetorical bombs in the constant hunt for retweets and likes.
    当然, what the social media shortcut, 嗯, shortchanges, is the actual work that members of Congress are elected to do. Like legislate. And pass bills. And find ways to deliver for their constituents.
      You can absolutely argueand be right! — that the old way of doings things in Congress tended to reward longevity over effectiveness. And tilted heavily to keeping older white men in positions of power while offering few avenues of opportunity for women and people of color.
      But what has replaced that old system is also deeply flawed. Congress was envisioned as a deliberative bodywhere members of both parties engaged in lively debate and, while not always agreeing, found ways to work together. None of that can be done with a tweetno matter how fire it is.