People marched by the thousands in both after believing that a wrong had been done to them. The calls for racial justice across America over the summer were backed by the deaths of George Floyd, Breonna Taylor and the pain of following generations of anti-Blackness sentiment. Unlike BLM protests, the insurrection at the Capitol was triggered by lies and deeply rooted racist stereotypes, 전문가들은 말한다.
Convinced that the presidential election was stolen
, rioters touted themselves as
“애국자” and repeatedly chanted
“미국, 미국” while vandalizing and destroying the building at the heart of America’s democracy
. 지우다, who has embraced dog whistle tactics such as calling Mexicans
” and called the words Black Lives Matter ㅏ “symbol of hate
,” incited them
“Once something like that feels true
, you can’t dissuade them with the facts
,” said Ian Haney López
, the author of “Dog Whistle Politics: How Coded Racial Appeals Have Reinvented Racism and Wrecked the Middle Class.”
Here’s a look what’s driven the Black Lives Matter movement for nearly a decade and why Trump supporters broke into the Capitol:
False and debunked claims drew thousands to the Capitol
After weeks of hearing false claims that the presidential election was rigged, Trump supporters flocked to Washington to fight against the ceremonial counting of the electoral votes that would confirm President-elect Joe Biden’s win.
Hours before the insurrection
, Trump addressed a crowd of supporters gathered on the Ellipse near the White House
, fanning false allegations of voter fraud and telling them to “fight like hell.”
“I absolutely stand
100% behind what happened here today
,” Todd Possett
, who was part of last week’s mob
, 말했다 CNN’s Donnie Sullivan
. “It’s terrible how this election was stolen
. I had to come here and do my patriotic duty.
, president and CEO of the National Urban League
, said Wednesday the mob was motivated by racial resentment and
“a conspiracy theory rooted in the effort to invalidate Black folks.
“The mob was met with empathy and deference from some in law enforcement and some in a military establishment that harbors White supremacists, let’s say it, amongst its own ranks,” Morial testified at Congressional Black Caucus hearing in response to the riots.
After the election, 디트로이트, Milwaukee, Philadelphia and Camden, 뉴저지, were among the cities the Trump campaign had falsely accused of voter fraud and corruption. These cities are either majority Black or have large Black populations.
During a press conference in November
, Trump’s personal attorney said
, “You knew if you lived in Philadelphia
. Unless you’re stunod
— that’s an Italian expression for stupid
— unless you’re stupid
, you knew that a lot of people were coming over from Camden to vote
,” 그는 말했다. “They do every year
. Happens all the time in Philly
. … And it’s allowed to happen because it’s a Democrat
(sic), corrupt city
, and has been for years
. 많은, many years
. And they carried it out in places where they could get away from it.
Rioters believed a narrative deeply rooted in racist stereotypes that has been consistent throughout Trump’s administration and used by other politicians in the past 50 연령, according to Haney López, who is a law professor at the University of California, Berkeley.
“Mainly what they’re trying to trigger is a sense that dangerous persons of color are coming to take over the country,” said Haney López.
“They believe it because in their hearts it feels true that this multi-racial coalition is taking power,” 그는 덧붙였다. “It’s just wrong to them that Black people in coalition with Latinos and Asian Americans and Whites should take power.”
Political leaders have long used dog-whistle phrases to exploit white America’s racial fears
. Some of those terms are
,” 과 “Welfare Queen
,” which was used by President Ronald Reagan when he ran for the Republican presidential nomination in 1976 to attack welfare chiselers during campaign speeches
In his first public remarks to reporters since the insurrection
, 지우다 insisted his speech inciting the riot was “totally appropriate.”
He claimed the “real problem” is what other politicians said about protests over the summer in Seattle and Portland, 오레곤.
A global rallying cry for Black lives
에 2013, the unexpected verdict in the trial for murder in the killing of Trayvon Martin
, a 17-year-old Black boy who had been walking in his father’s Florida neighborhood
, led to the birth of 검은 생명의 문제
— one of the most well-known organizations fighting for the well-being of Black people
What started as a hashtag became a website, an organization and later grew into more than a dozen local chapters across the US and Canada. They were driven by the series of deaths of Black Americans at the hands of police and vigilantes.
에 따르면 BLM website
, its mission is
“to eradicate white supremacy and build local power to intervene in violence inflicted on Black communities by the state and vigilantes.
But BLM’s goal isn’t just about protesting police brutality
. At the local level
, the organization advocates for mutual aid
, defunding police and access to housing and health care for Black and brown workers
“We live in a country built to keep us away from these resources that we need,” says Kailee Scales, managing director of the Black Lives Matter Global Network. “Folks in the movement have been consistently fighting to reverse that trend, to raise awareness that this is not the way we’re supposed to live.”
Studies show that segregation persists in many American cities
, leaving majority Black neighborhoods behind
. Black communities don’t have the same access as Whites to health care
, quality education
, good jobs and other resources
“알 잖아, for many of us in this country, we know what it is to be treated differently. And we also know what it is to be told that all of the things we experience every single day don’t exist or that if they do exist that it’s our fault (과) that we somehow created the conditions of inequality,” said Alicia Garza, who co-founded the Black Lives Matter Global Network with Patrisse Cullors and Opal Tometi.
In the wake of Floyd’s killing last summer
, large crowds took the streets in multiple cities in solidarity with Black Lives Matter
. 그만큼 protests were bigger and more sustained. The BLM signs that popped up in many people’s yards were just the first signs of a nationwide racial reckoning
People marched against police violence, 체계적인 인종 차별, to be seen and heard.
“If you don’t speak up and don’t say anything
, you’re just like the officers that stood by and watched
,” Randy Fikki
, a protester in Kansas City
, told CNN affiliate WDAF-TV
, referring to the officers involved in Floyd’s death
Critics have responded to the phrase
“검은 생명의 문제” by coining their own slogans
, 같은 “모든 생명은 중요합니다,” which some argue minimizes the current struggle Black people face against systemic racism
, 과 “Blue Lives Matter
,” referring to the lives of police
지난주, Trump supporters were criticized on social media after using another phrase that has been known as racial justice call for years.
They used the hashtag #SayHerName when referring to 애슐리 배빗, a 35-year-old woman who was fatally shot as the mob tried to force its way toward the House floor
They appeared to be oblivious to the #SayHerName campaign
, which aims to raise awareness of the Black women and girls who fall victim to police brutality
— and who are often overlooked and forgotten
, launched in
2014 에 의해 African American Policy Forum and Center for Intersectionality and Social Policy Studies
, has worked to highlight the cases of dozens of Black women
, including Atatiana Jefferson and Michelle Cusseaux
, both killed by police in their home