“Over the last three years, previous maximum single-day count of [emergency department] admissions for heat-related illness was 9,” Spitzer told CNN in an email.
The Oregon Health Authority reported a total of 506 heat-related visits to emergency departments and urgent care centers over the past four days. 至少 251 visits occurred on Monday alone, when temperatures were highest.
In the Portland area, 的 97 emergency department and urgent care clinic visits for heat illness is nearly the same number of cases they would see all summer, according to Multnomah County communications director Julie Sullivan-Springhetti.
“The record breaking heat also broke records for calls for help. Emergency calls, visits to the emergency rooms, and calls for people and pets reached all-time highs,” Sullivan-Springhetti said in an email to CNN.
几乎 600 people went to the county’s cooling centers in the Portland area on Monday. 周围 50,000 bottles of water, 32,000 electrolyte packets and 14,000 cooling towels were delivered to homeless people, Sullivan-Springhetti said.
此外, animal wellness calls were up 330% more than on a typical weekend, many of which were for animals in hot vehicles and animals in distress, 她说.
As temperatures rose in Vancouver on Tuesday, the Royal Canadian Mounted Police issued a statement about a “concerning increase in sudden deaths amid the heat wave.”
“We are seeing this weather can be deadly for vulnerable members of our community
, especially the elderly and those with underlying health issues
,” RCMP Cpl
. Mike Kalanj 在新闻稿中说
. “It is imperative we check on one another during this extreme heat.
The RCMP in Burnaby has responded to more than 25 sudden death calls in a 24-hour period since Monday, with heat believed to be a contributing factor in the majority of the deaths, 发布说.
Temperatures in the Northwest are expected to be hot — though not record-breaking — through the rest of the week. Temperatures should fall next week, according to CNN Weather’s Jackson Dill, but will still be warmer than normal.
, an environmental epidemiologist at the University of British Columbia
, previously told CNN that hospitalization records typically only look at medical terms such as heat stroke
, and neglects other potentially heat-related causes of death
, like heart attacks
“Heat likely contributes to many more deaths from causes other than heat stroke, because heat can exacerbate other chronic diseases, such as heart and lung conditions,” Weinberger told CNN. “Given the danger posed by heat, events like the ongoing heat wave in the Pacific Northwest need to be taken very seriously.”
Experts told CNN that part of what made this heat wave so dangerous was that the Pacific Northwest is underprepared for such extremes
Seattle and Portland rank first and third
, 分别, among cities with the highest proportion of households without air conditioning
, according to a US Census Bureau survey of
25 major metropolitan areas
The lack of air conditioning “makes it challenging for many residents to stay home, especially during a pandemic where many are still being asked to telecommute,” said Anthony Derrick, press secretary for Seattle Mayor Jenny Durkan. “另外, Washington state has not yet fully reopened, meaning that many indoor spaces are still operating at reduced capacity.”
Derrick said the capacity restrictions were relaxed for Seattle-area cooling centers, which many people took advantage of as temperatures soared.
的 urban heat island effect compounds heat-illness issues
. Areas with a lot of asphalt
, buildings and freeways tend to absorb a significant amount of the sun’s energy and emit it as heat
. They are much hotter than areas with green space — parks
, tree-lined streets — which absorb and emit less solar energy
一个 2019 研究 found that the hottest areas within city limits were low-income neighborhoods and neighborhoods of color
, places that historically have enjoyed the least improvement and investment
. These are neighborhoods slotted next to traffic-choked freeways
, where you can walk blocks without seeing trees
, let alone a park
与此同时, more affluent neighborhoods, which have more green spaces, are cooler.