In addition to unarmed security officers, armed police officers are also on the premises.
11th century – The original palace is built.
1604 -1605 – A group of English Catholics, including Guy Fawkes, plots to blow up Parliament to protest their treatment by the Protestants. sin embargo, the plot is uncovered and the conspirators hanged. noviembre 5 is still celebrated in England as “Guy Fawkes Day”, when people celebrate with bonfires and fireworks and burn effigies of Fawkes.
October 16, 1834 – A fire destroys most of the building.
1840 – Construction begins on the current Houses of Parliament.
1852 – House of Commons is first used.
1870 – Construction completed.
Mayo 11, 1941 – House of Commons chamber is destroyed in bombings during WWII
. It is rebuilt by architect Sir Giles Gilbert Scott
1950 – The reconstruction of House of Commons is complete.
1987 – The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) designates the building as a World Heritage site.
2000 – Portcullis House, a new Parliamentary building, is completed.
febrero 2001 – Portcullis House officially opens.
June 18, 2015 – An independent committee issues a reporte outlining the need for extensive repairs throughout the historic complex
. Issues that need attention include wiring problems
, loose asbestos and rats
. The principal architect at the Houses of Parliament tells the BBC
, “Some of the facades are actually sinking and we’re going to have to investigate that very soon.
marzo 22, 2017 – Khalid Masood plows a car through crowds on Westminster Bridge in central London before attempting to storm the Houses of Parliament in what police believe was an act of Islamist-inspired terrorism
. Four people
, including a police officer
, are killed and scores injured before he is shot and killed by police
August 14, 2018 – Several people are injured after a car crashes into security barriers outside the Houses of Parliament during rush hour. The driver is arrested on suspicion of terrorist offenses
. He is later identified as Salih Khater
, a 29-year-old UK national who emigrated from Sudan
diciembre 11, 2018 – Police officers arrest a man inside the entrance to the grounds of the UK’s Houses of Parliament in Westminster. London’s Metropolitan Police confirm in a statement that the man was
“detained and arrested by Carriage Gates inside the Palace of Westminster on suspicion of trespassing at a protected site.
April 24, 2020 – Parliament publishes a report outlining each stage of work to be completed in the Palace of Westminster Restoration and Renewal Programme. This follows the October 8, approval of the Parliamentary Buildings (Restoration and Renewal) Act 2019.
Designers/Architects – Sir Charles Barry along with Augustus Welby Pugin. Barry won a competition to be the architect.
There are four floors:
– Ground floor – Offices, river front houses, meeting rooms and dining halls.
– First floor – More dining rooms, Chambers of the House of Commons and House of Lords, and libraries.
– Second floor and Third floor – Committee rooms.
One end of the palace holds a private area for the speaker and on the other end, an area for the lord chancellor.
Made of limestone with an iron roof.
Three large towers
, the Elizabeth Tower
, holds the bell Big Ben
), Victoria Tower
), and Central tower
The main entrance is called St. Stephen’s Hall, which leads immediately to the Central Lobby, or Octagon Hall. This area is open to the public.
Parliament has taken over nearby buildings as the need arose, including the Parliament Street Buildings and the Norman Shaw North and South buildings.