Houses of Parliament (Great Britain) 事实速览

Here’s some background information about Great Britain’s Houses of Parliament, located on the Thames River in London.


The meeting place of Great Britain’s bicameral legislaturecomposed of the House of Commons and the House of Lordsis also known as Westminster Palace.
    Security technology, such as CCTV cameras and alarms, are used throughout the estate.
    In addition to unarmed security officers, armed police officers are also on the premises.


    11th century The original palace is built.
    1604 -1605 – A group of English Catholics, including Guy Fawkes, plots to blow up Parliament to protest their treatment by the Protestants. 然而, the plot is uncovered and the conspirators hanged. 十一月 5 is still celebrated in England asGuy Fawkes Day”, when people celebrate with bonfires and fireworks and burn effigies of Fawkes.
    十月 16, 1834 – A fire destroys most of the building.
    1840 – Construction begins on the current Houses of Parliament.
    1852 – House of Commons is first used.
    1870 – Construction completed.
    可能 11, 1941 – House of Commons chamber is destroyed in bombings during 第二次世界大战. It is rebuilt by architect Sir Giles Gilbert Scott.
    1950 – The reconstruction of House of Commons is complete.
    1987 – The United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) designates the building as a World Heritage site.
    2000 – Portcullis House, a new Parliamentary building, is completed.
    二月 2001 – Portcullis House officially opens.
    六月 18, 2015 – An independent committee issues a 报告 outlining the need for extensive repairs throughout the historic complex. Issues that need attention include wiring problems, loose asbestos and rats. The principal architect at the Houses of Parliament tells the BBC, “Some of the facades are actually sinking and we’re going to have to investigate that very soon.
    游行 22, 2017 – Khalid Masood plows a car through crowds on Westminster Bridge in central London before attempting to storm the Houses of Parliament in what police believe was an act of Islamist-inspired terrorism. Four people, including a police officer, are killed and scores injured before he is shot and killed by police.
    八月 14, 2018 – Several people are injured after a car crashes into security barriers outside the Houses of Parliament during rush hour. The driver is arrested on suspicion of terrorist offenses. He is later identified as Salih Khater, a 29-year-old UK national who emigrated from Sudan.
    十二月 11, 2018 – Police officers arrest a man inside the entrance to the grounds of the UK’s Houses of Parliament in Westminster. London’s Metropolitan Police confirm in a statement that the man wasdetained and arrested by Carriage Gates inside the Palace of Westminster on suspicion of trespassing at a protected site.
    四月 24, 2020 – Parliament publishes a report outlining each stage of work to be completed in the Palace of Westminster Restoration and Renewal Programme. This follows the October 8, approval of the Parliamentary Buildings (Restoration and Renewal) Act 2019.


    Designers/ArchitectsSir Charles Barry along with Augustus Welby Pugin. Barry won a competition to be the architect.
    There are four floors:
    Ground floorOffices, river front houses, meeting rooms and dining halls.
    First floorMore dining rooms, Chambers of the House of Commons and House of Lords, and libraries.
    Second floor and Third floorCommittee rooms.
    One end of the palace holds a private area for the speaker and on the other end, an area for the lord chancellor.
    Made of limestone with an iron roof.
    Three large towers, the Elizabeth Tower (316 ft. tall, holds the bell Big Ben), Victoria Tower (323 ft.), and Central tower (300 ft.)
      The main entrance is called St. Stephen’s Hall, which leads immediately to the Central Lobby, or Octagon Hall. This area is open to the public.
      Parliament has taken over nearby buildings as the need arose, including the Parliament Street Buildings and the Norman Shaw North and South buildings.




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