A hold on Biden’s bid to end the program remains in place, but Thursday’s ruling suggested that lower court order should be lifted shortly.
That would allow the Biden administration to roll back the “멕시코에 남다” 프로그램, something officials first tried to do in 2021 before a federal court decision blocked their efforts months later. That means thousands of migrants who are currently waiting in Mexico as part of the program could be paroled into the United States to proceed with their immigration cases here.
작년, prior to the lower court’s order, the Biden administration put a process in place to allow migrants subject to the policy to gradually enter the US until their immigration cases were decided. Before the unprecedented “멕시코에 남다” 수단, migrants were released into the US or detained for the duration of their immigration court proceedings.
When was this policy put in place and why?
The Trump administration implemented the program, officially dubbed the “Migrant Protection Protocols,” or MPP, 1 월 2019. The program sent certain non-Mexican migrants who entered the US back to Mexico — instead of detaining them or releasing them into the United States — while their immigration proceedings played out.
Officials said it would stop migrants from taking advantage of the immigration system while keeping them safe.
But immigrant advocacy groups have argued that forcing asylum seekers to wait in Mexico while their cases make their way through US courts actually puts vulnerable people in even more dangerous situations.
What’s happened since then?
As of February
2021, advocacy group Human Rights First said it had documented 이상 1,500 cases of murder, 강간, 고문, kidnapping and other violent assaults impacting migrants who were forced to wait in Mexico as part of the program
“Significant evidence indicates that individuals were subject to extreme violence and insecurity at the hands of transnational criminal organizations that profited from putting migrants in harms
’ way while awaiting their court hearings in Mexico
,” Homeland Security Secretary Alejandro Mayorkas said in an October memo detailing his decision to end the program
How many people have been enrolled in the program?
Between January 2019 그리고 6월 2021, 약 68,000 migrants were sent to wait in Mexico as part of the program.
Of that group
, 이상 32,000 were ordered removed
, 거의 9,000 had their cases terminated
, and just
723 were granted asylum or some other kind of immigration relief
, according to a Migration Policy Institute analysis of government statistics
. Some migrants who were forced to wait may also have abandoned their cases and returned to their home countries
, the institute said
Shortly after President Biden took office, the Department of Homeland Security suspended new enrollments to the program and kicked off the process of gradually allowing asylum seekers previously subject to the program into the US.
6 월 2021, the Biden administration announced an official end to the program
, and by August
, officials had allowed
13,000 migrants to return to the United States and pursue their cases
, MPI said
A federal judge’s ruling in August 2021 blocked the administration’s efforts to end the program
, finding officials hadn’t followed proper administrative procedures
That ruling forced the Biden administration to restart the program in December. The International Organization for Migration estimates more than 5,000 migrants enrolled in the program since then are currently waiting in Mexico.
Why has the Biden administration tried to end it?
Mayorkas said continuing the program has strained resources and disrupted diplomacy with Mexico.
“There are inherent problems with the program that no amount of resources can sufficiently fix,” Mayorkas wrote.
He acknowledged the program likely reduced the number of people crossing the border.
“But it did so by imposing substantial and unjustifiable human costs on the individuals who were exposed to harm while waiting in Mexico,” 그는 덧붙였다.
He said the administration is “committed to the twin goals of securing our borders and offering protection to those fleeing persecution and torture.”
And he said the program was “neither the best, nor the preferred, strategy for achieving either of these goals.”
Is this the same thing as Title 42?
아니. The two policies often are discussed together
, since both impact what authorities have the power to do when they encounter migrants at the US-Mexico border
. 그러나 “멕시코에 남다” is separate from the public health authority known as Title 42
, which allows border officials to turn back migrants encountered at the border
, therefore barring them from seeking asylum
“멕시코에 남다” still gave migrants the chance to seek asylum in the United States
. (표제 42 is the subject of separate legal challenges
; a federal judge has temporarily blocked Biden from ending that authority