에 2021, US drug overdose deaths hit highest level on record, CDC data shows

Drug overdoses in the United States were deadlier than ever in 2021, 에 따르면 provisional data from the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

거의 108,000 people died of drug overdoses in 2021, and about two-thirds of those deaths involved fentanyl or another synthetic opioid.
Overdose deaths have been on the rise for years in the US, but surged amid the Covid-19 pandemic: Annual deaths were nearly 50% higher in 2021 than in 2019, CDC data shows.
    The spike in overdose deaths in the second year of the pandemic wasn’t as quite as dramatic as in the first year: Overdose deaths were up about 15% 중에서 2020 과 2021, 에 비해 30% jump between 2019 과 2020.
      But the change is still stark. 에 2021, 약 14,000 more people died of overdose deaths in than in 2020, the CDC data shows.
        This is indeed a continuation of an awful trend. Rates of overdose deaths have been on an upward climb for decades now, increasing at unprecedented rates right before the beginning of the Covid-19 pandemic in the US,” 박사가 말했다. Nora Volkow, director of the National Institute on Drug Abuse.
        The pandemic accelerated trends that were already heading in the wrong direction, and experts say that reversing course will require concentrated effortsand it will take time, both strategically and ideologically.
          2 월, Katherine Keyes, an associate professor at the Columbia University Mailman School of Public Health whose research focuses on psychiatric and substance use epidemiology, told CNN that easing Covid-19 restrictions wouldn’t mean an immediate change.

          You won’t see a reversal in the same way you saw the acceleration because these drug distribution networks and addiction become embedded in the community. And it’s not like they turn off overnight,” Keyes said.

          대유행 초기, Keyes was part of a research team that modeled the potential impact of the Covid-19 pandemic on drug overdoses. They found that even if the pandemic did end overnight, the effects on drug overdoses would persist for at least a year.
          Treatment for drug abuse was lacking even before the pandemic. 에 2019, 이상 20 million people ages 12 and older reported having a substance abuse disorder, 뿐 10% of whom reported receiving care, 에 따르면 보고서 from the US Department of Health and Human ServicesSubstance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration.
          그리고 보고서 from the Kaiser Family Foundation cites evidence that access and utilization of these services has gotten even worse during the pandemic.
          The illicit drug supply in the US has also seen amassive shiftover the past two decades, Volkow said.
          “이전, prescription drug misuse and heroin use were the primary drivers of overdose deaths. 하나, as fentanyl and other synthetic opioids began to infiltrate the drug market several years ago, we started to see how expanding exposure of a profitable, easy-to-make, and incredibly dangerous drug dramatically increased risk and vulnerability to drug overdose deaths.
          Increasing use of the synthetic drug caught the attention of experts before Covid-19 hit, but the pandemic may have exacerbated the problem. With international travel limited, synthetics that are easier to manufacture and more concentrated were likely more efficient to smuggle across borders, Volkow said.
          CNN Health의 주간 뉴스 레터 받기

          여기에서 가입하세요 결과는 박사와 함께. 산 제이 굽타 매주 화요일 CNN Health 팀에서.

            Overdose deaths involving synthetic opioids such as fentanyl, psychostimulants such as methamphetamine, and cocaine all increased between 2020 과 2021, according to the new CDC data. Deaths involving natural or semi-synthetic drugs, such as prescription drugs, fell slightly from the year prior.
            This is a devastating milestone in the history of the overdose epidemic in America. When we report numbers, we must remember that each number represents an individual, 그들의 가족, and their communities,” Volkow said. “Compounding this tragedy, we have underused evidence-based treatments already in place that could help many people. We must meet people where they are to prevent overdoses, reduce harm, and connect people to proven treatments to reduce drug use.

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