“India’s primary concern is about its rivalry with China,” a fellow with the Council on Foreign Relations, Zongyuan Zoe Liu, said. “India has a growing concern about China’s rising influence, not just in the Indo-Pacific region, but also in the Middle East, which is another area where it has significant interest.”
India, while continuing its nonalignment policy, is straddling efforts to appease Russia to prevent it from moving closer to China, while simultaneously trying to keep the U.S. as an ally for security in the region, according to Liu.
“In many ways, India’s abstain from the U.N. security vote does not necessarily speak so much about India’s concern over Russia and Russia’s military action against Ukraine, but really speaks to India’s own strategic calculation,” Liu told Fox News.
“India is sticking with nonalignment policy in many ways,” she continued. “It’s frustrating from our perspective.”
India has relied on both the U.S. and Russia, according to Liu. Russia has provided 60% of India’s military equipment and has historically been an ally, while the U.S. has been a partner in both trade and security in the Indo-Pacific region.
China has been building troops on the border with India for years, and the two nations have clashed on several occasions. Four Chinese soldiers and 20 Indians died in a 2020 skirmish.