Indiana’s legislation states that “남성, based on a student’s biological sex at birth in accordance with the student’s genetics and reproductive biology, may not participate on an athletic team or sport designated under this section as being a female, women’s, or girls’ athletic team or sport.” The bill applies to public schools in the state, as well as private schools whose teams compete against public school teams.
The law also protects schools and athletic associations from liability for enforcing the legislation and allows students who claim they’ve been harmed from a violation of the law to bring civil action against a school.
While sex is a category that refers broadly to physiology, a person’s gender is an innate sense of identity. The factors that go into determining the sex listed on a birth certificate may include anatomy, genetics and hormones, and there is broad natural variation in each of these categories. For this reason, critics have said the language of “생물학적 섹스,” as used in this legislation, is overly simplistic and misleading.
올해 지금까지, a number of other GOP-led states have enacted such bans, including Arizona, 아이오와, Oklahoma and South Dakota. 작년, 앨라배마, Arkansas, 플로리다, 미시시피, 몬태나, 테네시, Texas and West Virginia enacted similar sports bans, infuriating LGBTQ advocates, who argue that conservatives are creating an issue where there isn’t one.
When Holcomb vetoed HEA 1041 올해 초, he appeared to refer to the limited legal success opponents have had in fighting the measures, including last year when a federal judge temporarily blocked West Virginia’s enforcement of its ban after advocates sued the state, with the judge saying he had “been provided with scant evidence that this law addresses any problem at all, let alone an important problem.” 그리고 2020, a federal judge blocked Idaho’s enforcement of its sports ban.
LGBTQ advocates criticized Indiana’s legislature for overriding the veto to enact the ban, with the Trevor Project, a suicide prevention and crisis intervention organization for LGBTQ youth, saying the lawmakers are “pushing these marginalized youth even further to the sidelines.”
“This bill claimed to solve a problem of ‘fairness’ in school sports in Indiana that didn’t exist, but its negative impacts on the mental health and well-being of trans and nonbinary youth — young people who already face disproportionate rates of bullying, 우울증, and suicide — are very real,” said Sam Ames, the group’s director of advocacy and government affairs, 성명서.