独创性已在火星上飞翔; what's next in NASA's Perseverance mission?

Following Monday’s historic event, 的 solar-powered rotorcraft will attempt up to four more flights during a period of fewer than 30 天.

美国国家航空航天局(NASA)独创的火星直升机凭借其第一动力创造了历史, CONTROLLED FLIGHT ON ANOTHER PLANET

Over the next three Martian daysalso known as solsthe helicopter’s team will receive and analyze data and imagery from the first flight and devise a plan for the second experimental test, which is scheduled for no sooner than April 22.

If the helicopter survives the second flight test, the Ingenuity team will consider how best to expand the flight profile,” 美国宇航局 said in a Monday release.

Ingenuity will conduct up to five flights, assuming NASA continues to successfully clear potential hurdles, each with chances to record additional data for future use.

美联社报道 on Monday that the ambitious endeavor could lead the way to a fleet of Martian drones as well as assist helicopter navigation on 地球

Perseverance's Navcam View of Ingenuity's First Flight

Perseverance’s Navcam View of Ingenuity’s First Flight (美国宇航局)

After Ingenuity is done, 的 Perseverance rover will resume its focus on surface operations.

Before Ingenuity’s flight, Perseverance drove to its Overlook site, 哪里 it documented the feat using its Mastcam-ZNavcam imagers.

NASA’s Perseverance 推特 account also wrote that it had been imaging some of the local rocks at the lookout point ahead of Ingenuity’s liftoff.

Perseverance will still be used to communicate with the now fully autonomous Ingenuity throughout the process.

As NASA notes in its press releases, a primary objective forPercy’smission on Mars is astrobiology research that includes the search for ancient microbial life.

​​NASA’s Perseverance Mars rover took a selfie with the Ingenuity helicopter, seen here about 13 脚 (3.9 米) from the rover. This image was taken by the WASTON camera on the rover’s robotic arm on April 6, 2021, the 46th Martian day, or sol, of the mission.Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS

​​NASA’s Perseverance Mars rover took a selfie with the Ingenuity helicopter, seen here about 13 脚 (3.9 米) from the rover. This image was taken by the WASTON camera on the rover’s robotic arm on April 6, 2021, the 46th Martian day, or sol, of the mission.Credit: NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS (NASA/JPL-Caltech/MSSS)

As the rover characterizes Martian geology, 它会 collect and cache rock and sedimentdrilling core samples into rock targets of interest to the scientists.

三月, NASA announced that Perseverance’s SuperCam instrumentselected two rock targets, “Yeehgo” 和 “Máaz,” for study.

In cooperation with NASA, 的 European Space Agency (这), will send spacecraft to Mars to collect the cached samplesstored in tubes and placed on a storage rack before set in the same area on Marssurfaceand return them to Earth for analysis.

The rover may cache over 30 selected rock and “泥” samples before its task is complete.

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