It's the US' deadliest avalanche season in years. 전문가들은 Covid가 부분적으로 책임이 있다고 말합니다.

코로나 바이러스 전염병이 미국 경제에 혼란을 일으켰습니다., 의료 시스템 및 학교.

Some experts say it’s also to blame for a recent spike in avalanche deaths. 진지하게.
지금까지 이번 겨울 시즌, 32 people have died in US avalanches, 에 따르면 Colorado Avalanche Information Center (CAIC). That’s not far from the record 36 deaths set in 2008 and reached again in 2010.
But a unique combination of climate- and pandemic-related trends could see the US break the record. 이유는 다음과 같습니다.:

    Climate creates avalanche conditions

    국립 해양 대기 청 (NOAA) says the three factors needed for an avalanche to occur are a slope, snowpack and a trigger.
    Slope is obvious. But snowpack refers to the accumulation of snow on the ground.
    Every storm brings a different type of snow, which builds in layers. 올해, the weaker layers are deep in the snowpack, while the stronger layers are on top. That makes for an incredibly unstable surface, says Brian Lazar, deputy director at CAIC.
    This year we are seeing a pretty dangerous snowpack, the kind of unique conditions that only come around once every 10 years or so,” Lazar told CNN. “This structure is highly conducive to producing avalanches.
    Like any structure, you don’t want your weakest materials at the bottom, so when you build a snowpack structure with weaker layers under stronger layers, its the perfect condition to produce avalanches,” 그는 말했다.
    Lazar says the effects of climate change — 특히, long drought periods followed by intense precipitation eventscontributed to this season’s weak snowpack.
    This year was characterized by early season snowfall that stuck on the ground followed by a fairly pronounced drought period, and when you have these drought periods during cold, clear conditions, it turns the existing snow on the ground into weak layers,” 그는 말했다.

    But people in the backcountry trigger them

    약 90% of avalanche accidents are triggered by the victim or someone in the victim’s group, 에 따르면 Utah Avalanche Center.
    With the coronavirus pandemic still raging across the US, more people than ever are heading to the mountains to enjoy nature and avoid crowds, where the virus spreads. Many are taking up skiing, snowboarding and snowmobiling.
    Snow Trails, a ski resort in Mansfield, 오하이오, has experienced a 60% increase in visitors compared to last year’s winter season, spokesperson Nate Wolleson told CNN.
    It’s a trend that extends across the country, including many public and national parks, according to Dr. Karl Birkeland, director of the US Forest Service’s National Avalanche Center.
    Although more visitors is usually a good thing, this season’s weak snowpack has made winter sports a lot more dangerousespecially in the backcountry, where avalanches are common.
    We are seeing dramatic increases in use in our public lands, so there’s more people out there skiing and snowboarding, and it means there’s more potential triggers,” Birkeland said. “The pandemic has definitely increased the number of people going into the backcountry, which increased our exposure to potential avalanche accidents.
    CNN meteorologist Derek Van Dam echoed Birkeland’s assessment, saying the weak snowpack combined with a higher rate of backcountry traffic has contributed to this season’s spike in avalanche deaths.
    People simply want to recreate outdoors and avoid large crowds,” 그는 말했다. “Backcountry skiing provides this escape to a certain extent.
    But a lot of these people don’t have experience in winter sports, aren’t familiar with the terrain and lack avalanche rescue gear, said Craig Gordon, a forecaster for the Utah Avalanche Center.
      He suggests visitors check avalanche forecasts before embarking on adventures and carry safety equipment, such as shovels and beacons, which emit radio signals used to locate buried victims.
      No matter how you plan to recreate in the backcountry, make sure to get the gear, 훈련, 예보, and get out of harms way,” Gordon said.

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