That joyous day arrived on June 19, 1865. Having vanquished the Confederacy that April, victorious Union Army soldiers arrived at Galveston, 德州. They encountered that final group of slaves who had yet to learn that the South had fallen.
More important, the men in blue uniforms read General Order No. 3 to people who, 直到那时, were private property: “All slaves are free.” Henceforth, these Black men, 女人, and children belonged to themselves, not others.
Republican-led Reconstruction efforts initially offered Blacks much hope. Some former slaves represented the South in Congress.