Neal will assume the helm of the nation’s immigration court system at a time when the Biden administration is wrestling with increasing arrivals at the US-Mexico border and seeking to reform a system that’s been plagued with issues. Daar is meer as 60 immigration courts in the United States, en omtrent 500 beoordelaars.
Vroeër die jaar, die departement van justisie reversed two Trump-era immigration decisions that narrowed who could qualify for asylum
, including an opinion that removed some protections for victims of domestic violence and gang violence
Garland vacated two iterations of the decision known as “Matter of A-B” — a decision made by then-Attorney General Jeff Sessions in 2018 that set a high bar for victims of crime to qualify for asylum, saying that victims must show that their home country was unable or unwilling to assist them and that “the government condoned the private actions.”
At issue was part of asylum law that protects members of a “particular social group” who are victims of persecution. Prior to the Trump administration, immigration courts held that women in Central America facing domestic abuse qualified. But during his tenure as attorney general, Sessions said that was no longer the case, effectively narrowing what the government considers grounds for asylum.
The attorney general, who has authority to set precedent in these cases, also vacated a decision issued by his predecessor Attorney General William Barr that limited whether family constitutes a “particular social group” for asylum claims.