법무부, 루이지애나 주 경찰이 인종 차별 및 과도한 무력 사용 여부 조사

The US Department of Justice said Thursday it’s opening an investigation into whether the Louisiana State Police engage in racially discriminatory policing and use excessive force.

It is a development following high-profile cases, 포함하는 2019 death in police custody of Black motorist Ronald Greene.
Justice Department teams already have been conducting a criminal investigation into Greene’s death in Louisianaand the new civil probe announced Thursday is separate and wider, Assistant Attorney General Kristen Clarke said in a news conference in Baton Rouge.
      The new investigation will focus on whether the Louisiana State Police havea pattern or practice of using excessive force,” and whether the agencyengages in racially discriminatory policing practice against Black people and other people of color,” Clarke said.
        It comes after the Justice Department received disturbing reportsofficers target Black residents in their traffic enforcement practices and in use of force,” Clarke said. Some reports involve the alleged use of racial slurs and derogatory terms by state troopers, 만큼 잘 “unwarranted force after pursuit, involving the use of Tasers and blows to the head,” 그녀가 말했다.
          We received information aboutrepeated use of excessive force, often against people who are suspected of minor traffic offenses; are already handcuffed; or are not resisting,” Clarke said.
          In some cases, the injuries these individuals suffered were severe, including the death of at least one individual,” Clarke said.
          If the investigation finds violations of the Constitution or federal law, the Justice Department will detail the conclusions in a public report and work with the state to agree on remedies. If no agreement can be reached, the department can seek a solution in court, Clarke said.
          This is the first pattern-or-practice investigation of a statewide law enforcement agency the Justice Department has opened in more than two decades, 그녀가 말했다.
          But it is the fifth the department has launched against any police agency since the start of the Biden administration, 그녀가 말했다, including ongoing probes of departments in 미니애폴리스; Louisville, 켄터키; 불사조; and Mount Vernon, 뉴욕, 그녀가 말했다.
          Our goal is to regain the trust of those who have lost confidence in the system and provide justice for all,” said Ronald C. Gathe Jr., the US attorney for Louisiana’s Middle District.
          Louisiana Gov. John Bel Edwards and state police superintendent Col. Lamar Davis have pledged their support in the investigation, they said in a joint online statement.
          It is deeply troubling that allegations of systemic misconduct exist that would warrant this type of investigation, but it is absolutely critical that all Louisianans, especially African Americans and other people of color, have their faith, 자신, and trust in public safety officers restored,” Edwards said.
          Davis said state police stafftruly make a difference in our communities, and I am grateful for the sacrifices they make on behalf of public safety,” 그러나 “that does not change the fact that we have had some employees violate the trust of our citizens and of their colleagues.
          When that occurs, it is incumbent upon our agency to uphold our public safety oath and make the changes necessary to ensure that this does not ever happen again,” 데이비스가 말했다.

          Videos showed harsh arrest of Greene

          Clarke said she recognizes the public is intensely interested in the Greene case, but she stressed the new probe was apart from any federal criminal investigation like that one.
          “그 (갈라진, 범인) 조사 (into Greene’s death) remains ongoing, and we are limited in what we can say at this time,” Clarke said.
          그린, 49, died in May 2019 after what state police said was Greene resisting arrest and struggling with troopers following a chase and car crash outside the city of Monroe. 하나, his family said they initially were told Greene died on impact in the crash.
          Police said Greene crashed after officers tried to stop him for a traffic violation. Body and dashboard camera 동영상 of the incidentreleased two years after Greene’s deathshowed Greene being pulled from his vehicle and being Tasered after the crash, and a trooper wrestling with him on the ground.
          Video also shows a trooper punching him in the face and another punching his lower back while they try to handcuff him as he is lying face down. 오디오 from one trooper’s body camera reveals a telephone exchange after the beating, in which the trooper says, “I beat the ever-living f*** out of him, choked him and everything else trying to get him under control.
          An initial crash report from state police did not mention troopers using force against or arresting Greene.
          A separate state police document 말했다, “Greene was taken into custody after resisting arrest and a struggle with troopers,” and he eventually became unresponsive and died while being taken to a hospital.
          Greene’s family filed a wrongful-death lawsuit 5 월 2020 against the state troopers involved, as well as their superiors, seeking damages for payment of all medical and funeral expenses. No one has been charged in Greene’s death.
          An initial report from a medical center listed the principal cause of Greene’s death as cardiac arrest, [object Window]. He also had anunspecified injury of head,” the suit reads.
          Troopers have maintained Greene’s deathwas caused by crash-related blunt force chest trauma that resulted in a fractured sternum and ruptured aortaand said they used forcefor their own personal safety and for the safety of the public,” 법원 문서에 따르면.
          A Union Parish coroner’s autopsy report listed Greene’s cause of death ascocaine induced agitated delirium complicated by motor vehicle collision, physical struggle, inflicted head injury, and restraint.The report did not assign a manner of death.
          Cocaine induced agitated delirium” 이다 rare condition, according to researchers, and one of the conditions ofexcited delirium,” a controversial diagnosis not recognized by major medical organizations like the American Medical Association, the American Psychiatric Association or the World Health Organization. 그것은, 하나, recognized by smaller organizations dealing with emergency medicine, such as the American College of Emergency Physicians.
          The autopsy report states lacerations on Greene’s head wereinconsistent with motor vehicle collision injuryand weremost consistent with multiple impact sites from a blunt object.
          A sternal fracture and cuts on Greene’s aorta and liver were noted in the autopsy report. “Whether this injury is due to trauma from the motor vehicle collision, subsequent struggle, or is resuscitative in nature cannot be stated with certainty,” 보고서 읽기.
          The Louisiana district attorney with jurisdiction over the area where Greene died said in April he plans to convene a special grand jury and pursue criminal charges against the troopers involved in his death.
          A committee in the Louisiana House of Representatives is also investigating.
          The Greene case wasn’t the only recent investigation involving state police and a Black driver to grab headlines. 9 월 2021, the Justice Department announced an indictment against a former Louisiana State Police officer for allegedly using excessive force with a flashlight against Black motorist Aaron Bowman.

          Justice Department investigation is ‘monumental step,’ attorneys for Greene’s family say

          Three lawyers for Greene’s family released a statement Thursday saying the federal civil investigation into the state policeis a monumental step towards true systematic shift that will affect all law enforcement agencies throughout the state of Louisiana.
          We have remained steadfast that an independent investigation into LSP is the only way to achieve real change. Now we have that. We would not be here if it were not for the brave families and victims who spoke up when few would listen,” attorneys Lee Merritt, Ron Haley and Mark McGuire said.
            An attorney for Bowman, Donecia Banks-Miley, said Bowman was relieved andglad to hear that the DOJ finally sees the need to take action.
            We have been requesting this investigation for over a year now and are hopeful that this investigation will bring justice to victims such as he, Ronald Greene and so many more who have been affected. We hope that this investigation continues to shed light on the persistent patterns of misconduct and excessive force specifically against African Americans,” Banks-Miley said Thursday.

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